Transmutation of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Extension of a Fuel Cycle

  • Vinod Kumar VermaEmail author
  • Karel Katovsky
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


To get rid of the danger of radio-toxicity of the radioactive nuclear waste, there can be several methods including reposition underground or in the space. For sending to the space, even the concept of Lagrangian points is under serious consideration. But all such reposition possibilities are not energy effective solutions because the waste contains a big amount of fissionable material also along with the fertile material that can be used for energy production. As a solution and from the point of reutilization of a bigger part of the unspent nuclear fuel (UNF), its reprocessing and transmutation are the most attractive solutions. However, there will always be a requirement of a solution where reprocessing is not necessary.

Supplementary material

439875_1_En_5_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (43 kb)
Fig. 5.4 Extended Th–U fuel cycle in the environment of high-energy spallation neutrons showing various possible reaction channels at high energy which are not feasible in a thermal or a fast spectrum [15].


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of RajasthanJaipurIndia
  2. 2.GGSIP UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Electrical Power Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and CommunicationBrno University of TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic

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