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Implication of Algal Microbiology for Wastewater Treatment and Bioenergy Production

  • Vinayak V. Pathak
  • Shamshad Ahmad
  • Richa Kothari
Chapter

Abstract

The Indian power sector has developed huge infrastructure for power generation, transmission and distribution of energy since the major utilization of fossil fuel has been an obstacle to achieve energy sustainability. Moreover, inadequate efficiency to treat the municipal and industrial wastewater is also generating serious environmental hazards. Thus concurrent management roadmap is required to tackle these challenges. In this context, algae have enormous efficiency to deal the challenges related to environment as well as energy sustainability. Algae have unique potential to grow under variety of environmental conditions due to flexible metabolic pathways. Wastewater generation and its adequate treatment are two of the major challenges to achieve the environmental sustainability that can be resolved through integration of algal cultivation in wastewater treatment systems. In this article, a holistic view on implication of algal microbiology for wastewater remediation and bioenergy production is provided. The procedures, associated challenges, and advancement in line of algal biofuel production explored by various authors are studied to project better ways for algal biofuel production process. A variety of pollutants as nutrients and their impact on lipid production in algal biomass are considered as the main advantages of this holistic approach. Advancements and challenges in algal harvesting and conversion processes for biodiesel production are also reviewed.

Keywords

Bioenergy Microalgae Biodiesel Algal harvesting Environmental hazard 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinayak V. Pathak
    • 1
  • Shamshad Ahmad
    • 2
  • Richa Kothari
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryManav Rachna UniversityFaridabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, School for Environmental ScienceBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesCentral University of JammuJammu and KashmirIndia
  4. 4.Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia

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