Fishing Policy: Toward Introduction of Science-based Measurement/Management of Resources
There have been no substantive amendments to Japan’s Fisheries Act since the end of the Second World War, with the result that Japan’s fisheries have consistently been allowed to operate under a system of “Olympic-style” fishing. This has caused the decline of fisheries resources and the fishing industry itself, contributing to economic decline in the nation’s rural areas (Komatsu 2014). Other major fishing nations have reformed their fisheries-related laws and regulations and spurred growth in their fishing industries. It is essential for the revitalization of Japan’s rural areas that we learn from these efforts and rebuild resources, attract external investment, and promote employment.
This chapter discusses the introduction of an individual quota (IQ) system in Niigata Prefecture, and considers fisheries reform attempts proposed by municipalities in Hokkaido.
KeywordsOlympic-style fishing Fisheries Act Revitalization of rural areas Individual quota Niigata Prefecture Hokkaido
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