Impacts of All-Inclusive Package Tours on Local Enterprises: The Cases of Antalya and Canakkale
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The tourism industry is one of the largest worldwide, and is particularly important for underdeveloped and developing countries. It creates employment opportunities, foreign currency, development opportunities, and so on. All-inclusive package tours (AIPTs) are the fastest-growing segment of mass tourism, and have positive and negative impacts for tourists, tours operators, accommodation establishments, local businesses, and host communities. This article consists of two parts. In the first part, the negative impacts of the all-inclusive system for local businesses are emphasized using examples from host countries based on a review of the literature. Second, a face-to-face survey was conducted with local tradesmen in Antalya and Canakkale provinces in 2013 to reveal their perceptions and attitudes regarding the impacts of AITPs on local businesses. Antalya is the biggest tourist-receiving province in Turkey, and the all-inclusive system is heavily implemented. In Canakkale, tourism is a newly developing industry, and identified as one of the target sectors. It is possible to compare these provinces based on their different characteristics. The survey revealed significant differences between the perception and attitudes of local tradesmen who live in Antalya and Canakkale.
KeywordsAll-inclusive package tours Impacts of tourism Local business Host community Tourism marketing
This article has been supported as part of the Scientific Research Projects of Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University (Project No: 2011/087).
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