Conflicts of Interest
Conflicts of interest in biomedicine have perhaps existed in some form since the dawn of medicine with healers more apt to recommend therapies whose use would lead to some benefit for the healer, whether directly through financial gain or indirectly through gains in reputation and prestige. However, over recent decades, conflicts of interest and their potential to bias the medical literature and, consequently, medical practice have grown in frequency and degree . For this reason, the management of potential conflicts of interest has become a critical component in the communication and publication of biomedical science. Editors, publishers, researchers, peer reviewers and funders are among the involved stakeholders who must be aware of conflicts of interest and cooperate in managing conflicts in an ethical and transparent manner.
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