Authorship and Acknowledgements

  • Rajeev Kumar


Biomedical writing serves two equally important purposes. The first is to inform peers about the outcomes of one’s research; the second is to get recognition for that work. Several well-defined, self-explanatory rules, such as honesty, truthfulness and reproducibility, govern the conduct and publishing of research. However, the description of who qualifies as an author is more complex, which makes authorship one of the most vexed issues in the biomedical publication process.


  1. 1.
    International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical journals. 2014. Accessed 1 May 2015.
  2. 2.
    Hewitt RM. Exposition as applied to medicine: a glance at the ethics of it. JAMA. 1954;156:477–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zbar A, Frank E. Significance of authorship position: an open-ended international assessment. Am J Med Sci. 2011;341:106–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Albert T, Wager E. How to handle authorship disputes: a guide for new researchers. The COPE Report 2003; pp. 32–34. Accessed 1 May 2015.
  5. 5.
    Council of Science Editors (CSE). White paper on publication ethics. Accessed 1 May 2015.
  6. 6.
    Naik SR. Authorship and acknowledgements. In: Naik SR, Aggarwal R, editors. Communication for biomedical scientists. New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2003. p. 45–7.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Flowcharts. Accessed 1 May 2015.
  8. 8.
    World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). Policy statements. Accessed 1 May 2015.
  9. 9.
    Wager E, Kleinert S. Responsible research publication: International standards for authors. Accessed 1 May 2015.

Copyright information

© The National Medical Journal of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajeev Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Journal of Urology and Department of UrologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations