Case Reports and Case Series

  • Rakesh Lodha


In the era of evidence-based medicine, one often questions the utility of case reports and case series. Whereas papers in this category are placed at the bottom of the pyramid of quality of evidence, they often provide useful information that may improve patient care and also provide leads for new research. Several examples in the literature support this role.


  1. 1.
    Hymes KB, Cheung T, Greene JB, Prose NS, Marcus A, Ballard H, et al. Kaposi’s sarcoma in homosexual men—a report of eight cases. Lancet. 1981;2:598–600.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Léauté-Labrèze C, Dumas de la Roque E, Hubiche T, Boralevi F, Thambo JB, Taïeb A. Propranolol for severe hemangiomas of infancy. N Engl J Med. 2008;358:2649–51.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Cohen H. How to write a patient case report. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2006;63:1888–92.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Kooistra B, Dijkman B, Einhorn TA, Bhandari M. How to design a good case series? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009;91(Suppl 3):21–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. McCarthy LH, Reilly KEH. How to write a case report? Fam Med. 2000;32:190–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Medical Journal of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Lodha
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Pediatrics and Department of PaediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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