Nontraumatic Spinal Cord Injuries

  • Hyun-Yoon Ko


A variety of nontraumatic conditions can affect the spinal cord. Other vascular injuries, infections, developmental and genetic diseases, malnutrition, and inflammation are the causes of nontraumatic spinal cord injury. The number of nontraumatic spinal cord injuries is increasing as the elderly population increases. Neurological manifestations are similar to traumatic spinal cord injury, but tend to be older and more frequent in women. In addition, the degree of damage is usually incomplete, and it is likely to be accompanied by underlying disease. The incidence of complications such as skin, bowel, and bladder dysfunction is similar to that of traumatic spinal cord injury, but the incidence of deep vein thrombosis, autonomic dysreflexia, orthostatic hypotension, and pneumonia is significantly less common in nontraumatic spinal cord injury patients compared to traumatic spinal cord injury.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun-Yoon Ko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineRehabilitation Hospital, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of MedicineYangsanSouth Korea

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