Married Daughters’ Support to Their Parents and Parents-in-Law in Japan

  • Yoshimi Chitose
Part of the Series in Asian Labor and Welfare Policies book series (Series in Asian Labor and Welfare Policies)


Given the increased longevity of the population, today’s married women in Japan are expected to face heavy care demands from their parents and in-laws. Using the Fifth National Survey on Family in Japan conducted in 2013, this chapter examines the patterns and determinants of care provided to parents and in-laws from non-coresiding married daughters’ perspectives. The results show that reciprocity is the strongest and most consistent explanation, regardless of lineage, gender of parents, and types of assistance. The result also provides evidence for the need-based explanation, particularly for mothers. The competing commitment explanation applies more to a husband’s parents than a daughter’s parents. Evidence for the patrilineal norm explanation exists but is weak. Further research on men’s intergenerational support in terms of types of support and lineage is needed, followed by a policy to incorporate men into the family care network.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshimi Chitose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International Research and CooperationNational Institute of Population and Social Security ResearchTokyoJapan

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