Advertisement

Avifauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an Updated Checklist

  • Chandrakasan Sivaperuman
  • G. Gokulakrishnan
  • P. C. Rasmussen
  • P. Parthipan
Chapter

Abstract

The Andaman and Nicobar archipelago consists of 572 islands, islets and rocky outcrops extending over 800 km. Biodiversity is very rich in this archipelago and endemism is also high due to isolation. The studies on the avifauna of this region were carried out by the authors from 2008 through 2017 covering extensive field survey in various islands. This paper was prepared based on the field surveys and available literature. A total of 349 species/subspecies of birds were recorded from Andaman and Nicobar Islands in this paper.

Keywords

Avifauna Checklist Distribution Conservation Andaman Nicobar 

References

  1. Abdulali H (1964a) Four new races of the birds from the Andaman and Nicobar islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 61:410–417Google Scholar
  2. Abdulali H (1964b) The birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 63:140–190Google Scholar
  3. Abdulali H (1965) The birds of Andaman and Nicobar islands. J Bombay Hist Soc 61:483–571Google Scholar
  4. Abdulali H (1966) On the “creaminess” in the plumage of Ducula bicolor (Scopoli). Bull B O C 86(9):162–163Google Scholar
  5. Abdulali H (1967a) More new races of the birds from the Andaman and Nicobar. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 63:420–422Google Scholar
  6. Abdulali H (1967b) The birds of Nicobar Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 64:139–190Google Scholar
  7. Abdulali H (1971) Narcondam island and notes on some birds from the Andaman Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 68:385–411Google Scholar
  8. Abdulali H (1976) The fauna of Narcondam Island. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 71:496–505Google Scholar
  9. Abdulali H (1977) New name of Andaman Blackheaded Oriole, Oriolus xanthornus andamanensis Abdulali. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 73(2):395Google Scholar
  10. Abdulali H (1978a) The fauna of Narcondam Island. Part 1. Birds. In: Ripley SD (ed) A bundle of feathers proffered to Sálim Ali for his 75th birthday in 1971, II edn. Oxford University Press, Delhi, pp 151–160Google Scholar
  11. Abdulali H (1978b) The birds of Great and Car Nicobars with some notes on wildlife conservation in the Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 75(3):744–772Google Scholar
  12. Abdulali H (1979) The birds of Great and Car Nicobars with some notes on wildlife conservation in the Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 75(3):744–772 (1978)Google Scholar
  13. Abdulali H (1981a) The birds of Great and Car Nicobars with some notes on wildlife conservation in the islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 75:744–772Google Scholar
  14. Abdulali H (1981b) Additional notes on Andaman birds. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 78:46–49Google Scholar
  15. Abdulali H, Grubh RB (1970) A new race of the Blackcrested Baza, Aviceda leuphotes (Dumont), from the Andaman Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 67(2):137–138Google Scholar
  16. Alcala AC (1976) Philippine land vertebrates. New Day Publishers, Quezon City 1 76 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Ali S (1980) The Andamans. An ‘Endangered Species’! Hornbill 1980(1):3, 8Google Scholar
  18. Ali R (2003) Invasive species in Andamans. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 43(4):48–49Google Scholar
  19. Ali R (2007) Issues relating to invasives in the Andaman Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 103(2–3):349–355 (2006)Google Scholar
  20. Ali S, Ripley SD (1983) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan, Compact edition. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  21. Ali S, Ripley SD (1987) Compact handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan together with those of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  22. Altevogt R, Davis TA (1981) Nocturnal activity of the Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) on South Sentinel (Andaman Islands). J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 77(3):508–510Google Scholar
  23. Andrews HV (2001) Threatened herpetofauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In: Bambaradeniya CN, Samarasekara VN (eds) An over view of the threatened herpetofauna of South Asia. IUCN Sri Lanka and Asia Regional Biodiversity Programme, Colombo, pp 39–47Google Scholar
  24. Andrews HV, Jayaraj RSC, Mundoli S (2006) State of environment 2005, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Universities Press (India) Pvt. Ltd, HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  25. Anon (1992) Nicobar Megapode. WPA News 37(August):33Google Scholar
  26. Anon (1996) Barn Owl in Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Pitta 67–68:2Google Scholar
  27. Anon (2004a) Avifaunal diversity of the Andaman Islands and their conservation. In: Annual report 2003–2004. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, pp 4–5Google Scholar
  28. Anon (2004b) In-situ & ex-situ conservation of the Edible-nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphaga in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. In: Annual report 2003–2004. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, p 12Google Scholar
  29. Anon (2004c) Status and ecology of the Andaman Crake. In: Annual report 2003–2004. Coimbatore: Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, pp 5–6Google Scholar
  30. Anon (2008) Conservation of the Edible-nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphaga in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Project report. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History; Forest Department of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Coimbatore, p 31Google Scholar
  31. Ashraf MA (2006) Island biogeography - the forest birds of the Andaman Islands as a case study. Tigerpaper 1:30–32Google Scholar
  32. Bailey RS, Pocklington R, Willis PR (1968) Storm-petrels Oceanodroma spp. in the Indian Ocean. Ibis 110:27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Balachandran S (2012) Avian diversity in coastal wetlands of India and their conservation needs. Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, May 2012, pp 155–163Google Scholar
  34. Balakrishnan NP (1989) Andaman Islands vegetation and floristics. In: Saldanha CJ (ed) Andaman, Nicobar and Lakshadweep an environment impact assessment. Oxford Univeristy Press, New Delhi, pp 55–61Google Scholar
  35. Ball V (1870) Notes on birds observed in the neighbourhood of Port Blair, Andaman Islands, during month of August 1864. J Asiatic Soc Bengal 39:240–243Google Scholar
  36. Ball V (1872) Notes on a collection of birds made in Andaman Islands by Asst. Surgeon, G. E. Dobson M. B., during months of April and May. J Asiatic Soc Bengal 41:273–290Google Scholar
  37. Ball V (1873) List of birds known to occur in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Stray Feathers I(2–4):51–90Google Scholar
  38. Barbe P (1846) Notice of the Nicobar Islands. J Asiatic Soc Bengal 15 .(Part I No 173 New Series No 89:344–367Google Scholar
  39. Beavan RC (1867) The avifauna of the Andaman Islands. Ibis 3(3):314–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Bharadwaj AK (2015) Recent sighting of Great Nicobar Crake Rallina Sp. Nov. and Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis at Great Nicobar Island. Ela J Forest Wildl 4(2):16–17Google Scholar
  41. Bhaskar S (1981a) Travels in the Andamans & Nicobars. Hornbill 1981(2):14–22Google Scholar
  42. Bhaskar S (1981b) Travels in the Andamans and Nicobars. Hamadryad 6:2–8Google Scholar
  43. Bhopale N (2010) Additions to the avifauna of the Indian Subcontinent – “White-faced” Plover Charadrius dealbatus from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 107(1):60–61Google Scholar
  44. BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world, 1st edn, In: Stattersfield AJ, Capper DR, Dutson GCL, Evans MI, McClellan RK, Peet NB, Shutes SM, Stuart TEH, Tobias JA, Wege DC (eds). Lynx Edicions & BirdLife International, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  45. BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia. The BirdLife international red data book. BirdLife International, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  46. BirdLife International (2015) The BirdLife checklist of the birds of the world: Version 8. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/userfiles/file/Species/Taxonomy/BirdLife_Checklist_Version_80
  47. Blyth E (1845) Notices and descriptions of various new and little known species of birds. J Asiatic Soc Bengal 14:546–602Google Scholar
  48. Blyth E (1846a) Notices and descriptions of various new and little known species of birds. J Asiatic Soc Bengal 15:1–54Google Scholar
  49. Blyth E (1846b) Notes on the fauna of the Nicobar Islands. On collections by Mr. Barbe and Capt. Lewis. J Asiatic Soc Bengal 15:367–379Google Scholar
  50. Blyth E (1863) Zoology of Andaman Islands. Appendix (pp 345–367 with Tytler’s notes) to Mouat (1863). J Asiatic Soc Bengal 32:85–89Google Scholar
  51. Blyth E (1866) Abstracts from letters from Capt. Blair. Ibis (2):220–221Google Scholar
  52. Butler AL (1899a) The birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Part I. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 12(2):386–403Google Scholar
  53. Butler AL (1899b) The birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Part II. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 12(3):555–571Google Scholar
  54. Butler AL (1899c) The birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Part III. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 12(4):684–696Google Scholar
  55. Butler AL (1900) The birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Part IV. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 13(1):144–154Google Scholar
  56. Canterbury GE, Martin TE, Petit DR, Petit LJ, Bradford DF (2000) Bird communities and habitat as ecological indicators of forest condition in regional monitoring. Conserv Biol 14(2):544–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Chandra K, Kumar S (1994) Observations on avifauna of Great Nicobar Islands, India. Indian Forester 120(10):953–955Google Scholar
  58. Chandra K, Rajan PT (1994) Observations on the avifauna of Mount Harriet National Park, South Andaman (A&N Islands). Indian Forester 122(10):965–968Google Scholar
  59. Chettri N, Sharma E, Deb DC (2001) Bird community structure along a trekking corridor of Sikkim Himalaya: a conservation perspective. Biol Conserv 102(1):1–6ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Chopra G, Kamal SS (2012) Avian biodiversity in and around major wetlands of “lower shivalik foothills” India. Nat Sci 10(7):86–93Google Scholar
  61. Clements JF, Schulenberg TS, Iliff MJ, Roberson D, Fredericks TA, Sullivan BL, Wood CL (2016) The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  62. Cody ML (1985) Habitat selection in birds. Academic, New York 410 pGoogle Scholar
  63. Collar N (1994) Extinction, endangerment and everything. World Birdwatch 16(2):6–9Google Scholar
  64. Cory CP (1902) Some further notes on the Narcondam Hornbill (Rhytidoceros narcondami). J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 14(2):372Google Scholar
  65. Das PK (1971) New records of birds from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 68:459–461Google Scholar
  66. Das HS (1996) Status of seagrass habitats of the Andaman and Nicobar Coast. Technical Report, SACON, Coimbatore, vol 4, 32 pGoogle Scholar
  67. Das I (1999a) Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota H (ed) Proceeding of the international symposium on diversity of reptiles, amphibians and other terrestrial animals on tropical islands : origin, current status and conservation. June 1998, University of Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan, pp 43–75Google Scholar
  68. Das I (1999b) Note worthy collection of mammals from Mount Harriet, Andaman Island, India. J South Asian Nat Hist 4(2):181–185Google Scholar
  69. Das S (2014) Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki from Neil Island, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India. Ind Birds 9(2):56Google Scholar
  70. Dasgupta JM (1976) Records of birds from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 73:222–223Google Scholar
  71. Dasgupta JM, Roy SB, Datta BK (2002) Endemic birds of India. Rec Zool Surv India Occ Paper No. 200:1–44Google Scholar
  72. Davidar P (1996) Conservation priorities for the Andaman Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 93(3):555–558Google Scholar
  73. Davidar P, Devi SM, Yoganand TRK, Ganesh T (1995) Reserve size and implications for the conservation of biodiversity in the Andaman Islands. In: Boyle TJB, Boontawee B (eds) Measuring and monitoring biodiversity in tropical and temperate forests. Indonesia, CIFORGoogle Scholar
  74. Davidar P, Yoganand TRK, Ganesh T, Joshi N (1996) An assessment of common and rare forest bird species of the Andaman Islands. Forktail 12:135–142Google Scholar
  75. Davidar P, Yoganand K, Ganesh T (2001) Distribution of forest Davidar, P., T. R. K. Yoganand, T. Ganesh and N. Joshi. 1996. An assessment of common and rare forest bird species of the Andaman Islands. Forktail 12(1):135–142Google Scholar
  76. Davidar P, Yoganand K, Ganesh T, Geetha-Nayak K (2007) Avifauna of Andaman Islands: preliminary inventory and distributional patterns. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 104(3):35–47Google Scholar
  77. DeSante DF (1990) The role of recruitment in the dynamics of a Sierran subalpine bird communities. Am Nat 132:429–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Ezhilarasi N, Vijayan L (2006) Birds of Chidiyatapu Biological Park, South Andaman. Zoo’s Print J 21(12):2517–2518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Ferrar ML (1931) Bird migration notes from Port Blair. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 35(2):448–450Google Scholar
  80. Fleming JH (1911) A new teal from the Andaman Islands. Proc Biol Soc Washington 24:215–216Google Scholar
  81. Flower WH (1860) On the structure of the gizzard of the Nicobar Pigeon, and other granivorous birds. Proc Zool Soc Lond 1860:330–334Google Scholar
  82. Frith CB (1978) Short-tailed Shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris in the Andaman Sea area, Indian Ocean. Emu 78:95–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. FSI (2015) Indian State Forest Report 2015. Forest survey of India, Dehradun Published by Ministry of Environment & Forests, Dehra DunGoogle Scholar
  84. Gandhi T (2000) Prioritising sites for conservation in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands: with special reference to fauna. In: Singh S, ARK S, Mehta R, Uppal V (eds) Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India. WWF- India, New Delhi, pp 82–93 pp xxvii + 707Google Scholar
  85. Gibson-Hill CA (1949) An immature Redtailed Bo’sun-Bird. Bull Raffles Museum 19:100–104Google Scholar
  86. Gokulakrishnan G, Sivaperuman C (2016) Abundance, Distribution and Migration Chronology of Shorebirds of Andaman Islands. In: Proceedings of the international conference on climate change adaptation and biodiversity: ecological sustainability and resource management for livelihood security (ICCB-2016), 8–10 December 2016, pp 150–163Google Scholar
  87. Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J, Sivaperuman C (2014) Diversity and distribution of Shorebirds (Charadriiformes) in south Andaman. J Andaman Sci Assoc 19(2):185–190Google Scholar
  88. Gokulakrishnan G, Sivaperuman C, Jaisankar I, Velmurugan A, Dinesh J (2015) Species abundance and distributions of bird communities in agroecosystems, south Andaman. J Andaman Sci Assoc 20(2):151–163Google Scholar
  89. Grimmett R, Inskipp C, Inskipp T (1998) Birds of the Indian subcontinent. Oxford University Press, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  90. Grimmett R, Inskipp C, Inskipp T (2008) Pocket guide to the birds of the Indian subcontinent. Christopher Helm, London 384 pGoogle Scholar
  91. Hume AO (1873a) Additional remarks on the avifauna of the Andamans. Stray Feathers I(2–4):304–310Google Scholar
  92. Hume AO (1873b) Notes. Avifauna of the islands of the Bay of Bengal. Stray Feathers 5:421–423Google Scholar
  93. Hume AO (1874a) Additional notes on the avifauna of the Andaman Islands. Stray Feathers 2(6):490–501Google Scholar
  94. Hume AO (1874b) Contributions to the ornithology of India. The Islands of the Bay of Bengal. Stray Feathers 2(1–3):29–324Google Scholar
  95. Hume AO (1876) Additional notes on the avifauna of the Andaman Islands. Stray Feathers 4(4–6):279–294Google Scholar
  96. Hussain SA (1977) Narcondam – Island of the hornbills. Hornbill Inaugural:26–30Google Scholar
  97. Hussain SA (1984) Some aspects of the biology and ecology of Narcondam Hornbill (Rhyticeros narcondami). J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 81(1):1–18Google Scholar
  98. Hussain SA (1991) Some urgent considerations for the conservation of Narcondam Island. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 31(5–6):6Google Scholar
  99. Hussain SA (1992) An action plan for rehabilitating Narcondam Hornbill. Zoos’ Print 6(1):1–2Google Scholar
  100. IIRS (2003) Biodiversity characterization at landscape level in Andaman and Nicobar Islands using satellite remote sensing and geographic information system. Department of biotechnology, Government of India and Department of Space, Government of India, DehradunGoogle Scholar
  101. Islam MZ, Rahmani AR (2004) Important bird areas in India: priority sites for conservation. IBCN & BNHS, MumbaiGoogle Scholar
  102. Jayaraj RSC, Andrews HV (2005) Andaman & Nicobar Islands Union Territory biodiversity strategy and action plan. India: Prepared under the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan- India, ANET/GOI-UNDP/A &N D E & F. Universities Press, 142 ppGoogle Scholar
  103. Kazmierczak K (1991) Andaman update. O B C Bull 13(July):35Google Scholar
  104. Kazmierczak K, van Perlo B (2000) A field guide to the birds of India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and the Maldives. Pica Press, Sussex 352 ppGoogle Scholar
  105. Kloss CB (1926) The Pied Cuckoo-shrike. J Malayan Branch Asiatic Soc 4(1):158–161Google Scholar
  106. Kremen C (1992) Assessing the indicator properties of the species assemblages for natural areas monitoring. Ecol Appl 2:203–217ppPubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  107. Kulkarni S, Chandi M (2003) Note on breeding of Andaman Teal Anas gibberifrons in South Andaman Islands, India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 100(1):112–113Google Scholar
  108. Kumar A, Sati JP, Tak PC, Alfred JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata 468 ppGoogle Scholar
  109. Mamannan MAR, Vijayan L (2009) Three new bird records from the Andaman Islands, India. Forktail 25:154–155Google Scholar
  110. Manchi SS (2013) Records of the Andaman Barn-owl Tyto deroepstorfii in North, and Middle Andaman Islands. Indian Birds 8(3):66–67Google Scholar
  111. Manchi SS, Kumar JS (2014) Sighting of the Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis on Narcondam Island, India. Indian Birds 9(1):23–24Google Scholar
  112. Manchi SS, Sankaran R (2009) Predators of swiftlets and their nests in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Indian Birds 5(4):118–120Google Scholar
  113. Mees GF (1981) The Sparrow-Hawks (Accipiter) of the Andaman Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 77(3):371–412 (1980)Google Scholar
  114. Mendoza MM (1986) Optimal time and duration of avian census in a forested area. Sylvatrop. Philippine Forest Res J 11(1 &2):95–101Google Scholar
  115. Mukherjee AK (1981) Status of the Andaman Teal Anas gibberifrons albogularis (Hume). Proc Wildlife Workshop:121–122Google Scholar
  116. Mukherjee AK, Dasgupta JM (1975) Taxonomic status of the Nicobar Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps augusta Bonaparte, 1850 (Aves: Columbidae). Proc Zool Soc Calcutta 28:133–135Google Scholar
  117. Oberholser H (1915) A review of the subspecies of the Ruddy Kingfisher Entomothera coromanda (Linnaeus). Proc United States Nat Mus 48(2090):639–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Oberholser H (1917) The birds of the Anamba Islands. Bull United States Nat Mus 98:1–75Google Scholar
  119. Oberholser H (1919) The races of the Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis Blyth. Proc U S Nat Mus 55(2278):399–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Osmaston BB (1905) A visit to Narcondam. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 16:620–622Google Scholar
  121. Osmaston BB (1906a) Notes on Andaman birds with accounts of the nidification of several species whose nests and eggs have not been hitherto described. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XVII(1):156–163Google Scholar
  122. Osmaston BB (1906b) Mangroves and Paroquets. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XVII(1):240Google Scholar
  123. Osmaston BB (1906c) Notes on Andaman birds, with accounts of the nidification of several species whose nests and eggs have not been hitherto described. Part II. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XVII(2):486–491Google Scholar
  124. Osmaston BB (1907) A visit to South Sentinel Island. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XVIII(1):201–202Google Scholar
  125. Osmaston BB (1908) A visit to Barren Island, Andaman. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 18:357–359Google Scholar
  126. Osmaston BB (1932) Some Andaman birds. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 35(4):891–893Google Scholar
  127. Osmaston BB (1933) Some Andaman birds. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 35:891–893Google Scholar
  128. Osmaston BB (2001) Birds in the Andamans (extracts from the diaries of B.B. Osmaston). Newsletter for Birdwatchers 41(3):34–35Google Scholar
  129. Pande S (2007) ELA Foundation’s third endemic and pelagic bird survey (8th to 20th January, 2007), Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal conducted by ELA Foundation, Pune & Ecological Society, Pune with assistance from Indian Coast Guard. Unpublished report submitted to Director General Coast Guard, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  130. Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S, Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007. Indian Birds 3(5):162–180Google Scholar
  131. Pande S, Sant N, Pednekar S (2011) Avifaunal survey of South- and Middle-Andaman Islands, November 2009. Indian Birds 7(4):104–106Google Scholar
  132. Prain D (1892) Remarks on the fauna of Narcondam and Barren Island. Proc Asiatic Soc Bengal 1892:109–121Google Scholar
  133. Prakash V (1995) Conservation of the Narcondam Hornbill. In: Avian Conservation in India. pp 44–45Google Scholar
  134. Prakash V, Prakash NV, Clark WS (1994) Oriental Honey buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus: a new species for the Andaman Islands. Forktail 9:157–158Google Scholar
  135. Prashanth M, Veenakumari K (1996) Perspectives on the zoogeography of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Malayan Nature J 50:99–106Google Scholar
  136. Praveen J, Jayapal R, Pitie A (2016) A checklist of the birds of India. Indian Birds 11(5&6):113–172Google Scholar
  137. Rajan P, Pramod P (2011a) First records of European Roller Coracias garrulus from the Andaman Islands, India. BirdingAsia 16(2011):106–107Google Scholar
  138. Rajan P, Pramod P (2011b) Common birds of Andaman Islands with special emphasis to introduced birds. In: Bhupathy S, Prusty BAK, Kumara HN, Jayaraj RSC, Quadros G, Pramod P (eds) Status of Indian birds and their conservation: first International conference on Indian ornithology (ICIO) – 2011. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, pp 262–264Google Scholar
  139. Rajan P, Pramod P (2013) Introduced birds of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India. Indian Birds 8(3):71–72Google Scholar
  140. Rajeshkumar S, Ragunathan C, Rasmussen PC (2012) An apparently new species of Rallina crake from Great Nicobar Island, India. BirdingAsia 17:44–46Google Scholar
  141. Rajeshkumar S, Raghunathan C, Maheswaran G (2014) Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana: first record for Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India. Indian Birds 9(4):104–105Google Scholar
  142. Raman TRS, Divya M, Tasneem K, Mistry U, Saxena A, Varma K, Ekka N, Lenin J, Whitaker R (2013) An expedition to Narcondam: observations of marine and terrestrial fauna including the island-endemic hornbill. Curr Sci 105:3463Google Scholar
  143. Rao GC, Khan IH (1990) On the present status of the marine Fauna of the Andaman Sea. Zoological survey of India and zoological garden. Port Blair, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  144. Rao NVS, Das AK, Mitra SC (1980) On freshwater mollusks of Andaman and Nicobar islands. Rec Zool Surv India 77:215–246Google Scholar
  145. Rasmussen PC (1998) A new Scops Owl from Great Nicobar Island. Bull BOC 118(3):141–153Google Scholar
  146. Rasmussen PC (2000) On the status of the Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri on Great Nicobar Island, India. Forktail 16:185–186Google Scholar
  147. Rasmussen PC (2005a) On producing Birds of South Asia. IndianBirds 1(3):50–56Google Scholar
  148. Rasmussen PC (2005b) Biogeographic and conservation implications of revised species limits and distributions of South Asian birds. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 79-3(13):137–146Google Scholar
  149. Rasmussen PC (2005c) On producing Birds of South Asia. IndianBirds 1(3):50–56Google Scholar
  150. Rasmussen PC, Anderton JC (2005) Birds of South Asia. The Ripley guide, vol 1 & 2. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington, DC/Barcelona 1061 pGoogle Scholar
  151. Rasmussen PC, Anderton JC (2012) Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide, 2nd edn, 2 vols. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Editions, Washington, DC/Barcelona, pp 1–378; 1–683Google Scholar
  152. Relton A (1999) Birding in the Andamans (abstract). Newsletter for Birdwatchers 38(6):102Google Scholar
  153. Richmond CW (1902) Birds collected by Dr. W. L. Abbot and Mr. C. B. Kloss in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Proc U S Nat Mus 25:287–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Ripley SD, Beehler BM (1989) Ornithographic affinities of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J Biogeogr 16(4):323–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Robertson ALH (1995) Occurrence of some Pelagic Seabirds (Procellariiformes) in waters off the Indian subcontinent. Forktail 10:129–140 (1994)Google Scholar
  156. Rodgers WA, Panwar HS (1988) Planning a wildlife protected area network in India, 2 vols. Project FO: IND/82/003. FAO, Dehra Dun, 339, 267 ppGoogle Scholar
  157. Saha SS, Dasgupta JM (1980) The Malayan Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela malayensis (Swann) in the Great Nicobar Island, an addition to the Indian avifauna. Rec Zool Surv India 77:89–91Google Scholar
  158. Saldanha CJ (1988) A select bibliography on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands for an environmental impact assessment. Centre for taxonomic studies, St. Joseph’s College, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  159. Saldanha CJ (1989) Andaman, Nicobar & Lakshadweep: an environmental impact assessment. Oxford University Press & IBH Publ.Co, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  160. Samaraweera P (2006) Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus: second record in Sri Lanka, third in South Asia. Ceylon Bird Club Notes 2006(November):148–151Google Scholar
  161. Sankaran R (1993) The status and conservation of the Nicobar Scrubfowl Megapodius nicobariensis. SACON, CoimbatoreGoogle Scholar
  162. Sankaran R (1995a) The distribution, status and conservation of the Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis. Biol Conserv 72(1):17–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Sankaran R (1995b) Distribution, status and conservation of the Nicobar Megapode. In: Avian conservation in India. 43–44. 43–44. Vijayan, L. (ed.) Coimbatore: SACONGoogle Scholar
  164. Sankaran R (1995c) Impact assessment of nest collection on the Edible-nest Swiftlet (Collocalia fuciphaga) in the Nicobar Islands, Occasional report. Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History, CoimbatoreGoogle Scholar
  165. Sankaran R (1995d) The decline of the Edible-nest Swiftlet in the Nicobar Islands. OBC Bull 22:51–54Google Scholar
  166. Sankaran R (1995e) The Nicobar Megapode and Other Endemic Avifauna of the Nicobar Islands. Status and Conservation. Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, CoimbatoreGoogle Scholar
  167. Sankaran R (1997) Developing a protected area network in the Nicobar Islands: the perspective of the endemic avifauna. Biodivers Conserv 6(3):797–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Sankaran R (1998a) An annotated list of the endemic avifauna of the Nicobar Islands. Forktail 13(February):17–22Google Scholar
  169. Sankaran R (1998b) The impact of nest collection on the Edible-nest Swiftlet (Collocalia fuciphaga) in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Report to IUCN. Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, CoimbatoreGoogle Scholar
  170. Sankaran R (1998c) Status and conservation of the Narcondam Hornbill (abstract). National seminar on wildlife conservation, Research and Management. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra DunGoogle Scholar
  171. Sankaran R (1998d) The Narcondam hornbill – conservation measures. A Preliminary ReportGoogle Scholar
  172. Sankaran R (1998e) Clear felling of primary rain Forest at the lighthouse at Indira point. Island – Ameliorative Measures, Great NicobarGoogle Scholar
  173. Sankaran R (2001) The status and conservation of the Edible-nest Swiftlet (Collocalia fuciphaga) in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Biol Conserv 97:283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Sankaran R (2005) Impact of the earthquake and the tsunami on the Nicobar Islands. In: Kaul R, Menon V (eds) The ground beneath the waves: post-tsunami impact assessment of wildlife and their habitats in India, vol 2. Wildlife Trust of India, New Delhi, pp 10–77Google Scholar
  175. Sankaran R, Manchi S (2008) In-situ and ex-situ conservation of the Edible–nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphaga in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Annual report 2007–08. SACON, Coimbatore, pp 18–19Google Scholar
  176. Sankaran R, Sivakumar K (1999) Preliminary results of ongoing study of the Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis Blyth. Zoologiszhe Verhandelingen, Leiden 327:75–90Google Scholar
  177. Sankaran R, Vijayan L (1993) The avifauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A review and the current scenario. In: Verghese A, Sridhar S, Chakravarthy AK (eds) Bird conservation: strategies for the nineties and beyond. Ornithological Society of India, Bangalore, pp 255–271Google Scholar
  178. Santharam V (1991) Barn Owls as biological control agents in the Andamans. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 31(5–6):9Google Scholar
  179. Santharam V (1996) Birdwatching in the South Andamans. Newsl Birdwatchers 35(6):104–105Google Scholar
  180. Santharam V (1997) Birdwatching in the South Andamans. Part-II. Blackbuck 11(4):87–97Google Scholar
  181. Saxena A (1994) Sighting of Christmas Island Frigate Bird (Fregata andrewsi) Mathews in the Andamans. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 91(1):138Google Scholar
  182. Sebastian AC (1991) The barn Owl – man’s silent ghostly friend. Newsl Birdwatchers 31(5–6):9–10Google Scholar
  183. Sivakumar K (2000) A study on breeding biology of the Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis. PhD thesis, Bharathiyar University Tamil NaduGoogle Scholar
  184. Sivakumar K (2003a) Megapode: a fascinating bird of Nicobar Islands. Mistnet 4(1):6Google Scholar
  185. Sivakumar K (2003b) Some observations on the breeding biology of birds on Great Nicobar Island, India. Forktail 19:130–131Google Scholar
  186. Sivakumar K (2007) Impact of tsunami on the Nicobar Megapode. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra DunGoogle Scholar
  187. Sivakumar K, Sankaran R (2002) New records of birds from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Forktail 18(1):149–150Google Scholar
  188. Sivakumar K, Sankaran R (2005) Natural history notes on chicks of the Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 101(3):452–452 (2004)Google Scholar
  189. Sivakumar K, Sankaran R (2003) The incubation mound and hatching success of the Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis Blyth. Tamil Nadu 100(2&3):375–387Google Scholar
  190. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G (2016) Sighting of Jerdon’s Baza Aviceda jerdoni (Blyth, 1842) from Great Nicobar Island, Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. India J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 113:27–28Google Scholar
  191. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G (2017) Eight new records of birds from Great Nicobar Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Rec Zool Surv India 117(1):73–77Google Scholar
  192. Sivaperuman C, Venkatraman C, Raghunathan C (2010) Avifauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: an overview. In: Ramakrishna, Raghunathan C, Sivaperuman C (eds) Recent trends in biodiversity of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, pp 399–412Google Scholar
  193. Sivaperuman C, Shah SK, Rajan PT, Venkataraman K (2012) New record of Common Coot Fulica atra 1758 from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil Nadu 103:199–200Google Scholar
  194. Sivaperuman C, Dinesh J, Gokulakrishnan G (2013) Sighting of Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirugus Scopoli, 1758) from South Andaman. Tigerpaper 40(4) October–December:13–17Google Scholar
  195. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J, Venkataraman K (2014a) Six new records of birds from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Biol Forum An Int J 6(1):127–133Google Scholar
  196. Sivaperuman C, Dinesh J, Gokulakrishnan G, Venkataraman K (2014b) First observations of Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata (Linnaeus, 1758) from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tigerpaper 41(1):32Google Scholar
  197. Sivaperuman C, Ravichandran K, Dinesh J, Gokulakrishnan G (2014c) Status and distribution of raptors in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Ann For 22(1):91–103Google Scholar
  198. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J, Venkataraman K (2015a) Three new sighting of birds from Andaman & Nicobar archipelago. Birding Asia 24:140–142Google Scholar
  199. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J, Venkataraman K (2015b) New record of Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca (Guldenstadt, 1770) from Andaman & Nicobar Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 112(1):28–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Sivaperuman C, Naveen Kumar P, Gokulakrishnan G (2015c) Sighting of Common black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Linnaeus, and Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna pacifica (Gmelin) from South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Is., India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 112(2):95–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Sivaperuman C, Venkatraman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J (2015d) Diversity of coastal birds and their ecological significance in India. In: Venkataraman et al (eds) Lesser known marine animals of India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, pp 536–550Google Scholar
  202. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Rasmussen PC (2016a) Corncrake Crex crex: first confirmed record from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. BirdingAsia 26:128Google Scholar
  203. Sivaperuman C, Venkatraman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J (2016b) Species abundance and distribution of coastal and marine bird of India. Vegetos 29:88–95Google Scholar
  204. Sivaperuman C, Gokulakrishnan G, Dinesh J (2016c) Ecological study of bird hazards at airport in Andaman. J Andaman Sci Assoc 21(1):53–77Google Scholar
  205. Sridharan B, Mohanty NP, Anujan K, Nelaballli S (2017) Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus in the Andaman Islands. Indian Birds 13(2):46–50Google Scholar
  206. St. John JH (1898) Some notes on Narcondam Hornbill etc. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 12:212–214Google Scholar
  207. Stapylton JM (1933) Early arrival of Snipe in the Andamans. J Bombay Nat Hist 36(2):507–508Google Scholar
  208. Stapylton JM (1934a) Early arrival of Snipe in the Andamans. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XXXVII(1):224Google Scholar
  209. Stapylton JM (1934b) Migration and decrease of Snipe in the Andamans. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XXXVII(2):491–492Google Scholar
  210. Stattersfield AJ, Crosby MJ, Long AJ, Wege DC (1998) Endemic bird areas of the world. BirdLife International, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  211. Steadman DW (1991) The identity and taxonomic status of Megapodius stairi and M. burnabyi (Aves: Megapodiidae). Proc Biol Soc Washington 104:870–877Google Scholar
  212. Sundaramoorthy T (2010) Bird diversity of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Eco News 16(1):3–8Google Scholar
  213. Thangam ES (1966) Introduction of some birds in Andaman & Nicobar Islands during 1960–1965. Indian Forester 92:441–446Google Scholar
  214. Thiollay JM (1997) Distribution and abundance patterns of bird community and raptor populations in the Andaman archipelago. Ecography 20:67–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Thompson S (2014) Website: http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist/S24463247. Accessed 03 Dec 2014
  216. Thothathri K (1962) Contributions to the flora of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Bull Bot Surv India 4:281–296Google Scholar
  217. Tikader BK (1984) Birds of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  218. Turner JR, Vousden D, Klaus R, Satyanarayana C, Fenner D, Venkataraman K, Rajan PT, Rao NVS (2001) Remote sensing and rapid site assessment survey. Report of phase 1: April 2001. GOI/UNDP GEF. Coral reef ecosystems of the Andaman IslandsGoogle Scholar
  219. Tytler RC (1864) Description of a new species of Paradoxurus from the Andaman Islands. J Asiatic Soc Bengal, XXXIII (Part II Series No 294 No II): 188Google Scholar
  220. Tytler RC (1867) The avifauna of the Andaman Islands. Ibis 3(2):314–334Google Scholar
  221. Unnithan S (1996) Variations in Olivebacked Sunbirds Nectarinia jugularis (Linnaeus) of Andaman, Car, Central and Great Nicobar Island. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 93(2):297–298Google Scholar
  222. Vijayan L (1993) Status and conservation of some rare endemic avifauna of the Andaman Islands – a preliminary survey. Coimbatore: Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History. Unpublished reportGoogle Scholar
  223. Vijayan L (1996) Status and conservation of the Andaman Teal Anas gibberifrons albogularis. Gibier Faune Sauvage. Game Wildl 13(1):831–842Google Scholar
  224. Vijayan L (1999) Endemic birds of the Andaman Nicobar Islands and their conservation. In: Prabhakaran J (ed) Environmental education needs of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Proceedings of the conference held at Port Blair on March 5 & 6, 1997. C P R Environmental Education Centre, Chennai, pp 20–30Google Scholar
  225. Vijayan L (2006) Ecology and conservation of the Andaman Teal. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 103(2–3):231–238Google Scholar
  226. Vijayan L (2007) Ecology and conservation of the Andaman Teal. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 103(2&3):231–238 (2006)Google Scholar
  227. Vijayan L, Ezhilarasi N (2007) Status and ecology of the Andaman Crake. Final report of the project. SACON, Coimbatore, 100 ppGoogle Scholar
  228. Vijayan L, Sankaran R (2001) Action plan for the conservation and management of the rare endemic birds of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. SACON, Coimbatore, p 12Google Scholar
  229. Vijayan L, Sankaran R, Sivakumar K, Murugan V (2000) A study on the ecology, status and conservation perspectives of certain rare endemic avifauna of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands: final report. Salim Ali CentreGoogle Scholar
  230. Vijayan L, Prasad SN, Mamannan MAR, Kaushik P, Giriraj A (2005) Avifaunal diversity of the Andaman Islands and their conservation. Final report. SACON, Coimbatore, 84 ppGoogle Scholar
  231. Vivek R, Vijayan VS (2003) Ecology and conservation of the Narcondam Hornbill Aceros narcondami at Narcondam Island Sanctuary, India. Report. SACON, CoimbatoreGoogle Scholar
  232. Voous KH (1965) Notes on sea-birds 14. White-faced Storm Petrels in the Indian Ocean: correction and additions. Ardea 53:237Google Scholar
  233. Wahal AK (1995) Birds of the Andaman and Nicobar islands and issues related to their conservation. In: Avian Conservation in India, pp 55–56Google Scholar
  234. Walden A (1866) Notes on birds collected in Tenasserim and in Andaman Islands. Proc Zool Soc London 1866:537–556Google Scholar
  235. Walden A (1873) On a collection of birds from the Andaman Islands. Ibis 3(3):296–321Google Scholar
  236. Whistler H (1940) The Andaman large cuckoo-shrike. Ibis 4(4):731Google Scholar
  237. Whitaker R (1976) Birding in the Andamans. Newsl Birdwatchers 16(10):3–5Google Scholar
  238. Whitaker R (1982) An Andaman experience. Sanctuary Asia II(4):314–325Google Scholar
  239. Whitaker R (1985) Endangered Andamans. Environmental Services Group, WWF–India, and MAB India, Department of Environment, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  240. Whitaker R (2000) Saving the Andamans. Sanctuary Asia XX(1):22–26Google Scholar
  241. Whitehead JH (1912) Woodcock Scolopax rusticula in South Andamans. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XXI(3):1085Google Scholar
  242. Wickham PF (1910) A note on the nesting of the Besra Sparrow Hawk (Accipiter virgatus) and the Andaman Nightjar (Caprimulgus andamanicus) in the Andamans. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XIX(4):992–993Google Scholar
  243. Wiens JA (1989) The Ecology of Bird Communities, vol 1. Foundations and Patterns. Cambridge University Press, 53 pGoogle Scholar
  244. Wilson NF (1904) The Oceanic, or Andaman Teal (Nettium albigulare). J Bombay Nat Hist Soc XV(3):525–526Google Scholar
  245. WPA (Wildlife Protection Act). 1972. Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, Ministry of environment and Forests, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  246. Yahya HSA, Zarri AA (2002a) White Tern (Gygis alba) sighted at Narcondam Island, Bay of Bengal, India. Forktail 18:148–149Google Scholar
  247. Yahya HSA, Zarri AA (2002b) Status, ecology and behaviour of Narcondam Hornbill in Narcondam Island, Andaman & Nicobar Island, India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 99(3):434–445Google Scholar
  248. Yoganand K, Davidar P (2000) Habitat preferences and distributional status of some forest birds in Andaman Islands. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 97(3):375–380Google Scholar
  249. Zaibin AP, Sant N, Krys K, Pramod P (2014) Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus from Kamorta Island, Nicobar Islands, India: first photographic documentation. Indian Birds 9(4):102–103Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chandrakasan Sivaperuman
    • 1
  • G. Gokulakrishnan
    • 1
  • P. C. Rasmussen
    • 2
  • P. Parthipan
    • 1
  1. 1.Andaman and Nicobar Regional CentreZoological Survey of IndiaPort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Department of Integrative Biology and MSU MuseumMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations