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Observations on Oviposition, Myiasis in Foam Nest, Egg Clutches, and Hatching in Endangered Tree Frog Polypedates insularis Das, 1995, from Great Nicobar Island, India

  • V. Rangasamy
  • C. Sivaperuman
Chapter

Abstract

The Andaman and Nicobar archipelago hosts single tree frog species of the genus Polypedates that lives in pristine evergreen forest of Great Nicobar Islands. However, the reproductive biology of this species has received little attention. In this paper, we report the foam nest location, oviposition, Myiasis in foam nest and hatching of Polypedates insularis. Clutches of this species in different developmental stages were sighted in abandoned iron barrels and concrete water tanks. Clutch size ranged from 12 to 36. We documented a total of 7 and 12 foam nests of two populations from Galatea Bay and Govind Nagar 11th km area. Moreover, we document the arthropod predation on larva, seasonal color variation, road kill, and predator to this species. Our findings are important not only to understand the natural history of this species but also to conserve the endangered species.

Keywords

Great Nicobar Island Polypedates Oviposition Myiasis, Foam nest Tadpoles 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Ministry of Environment and Forest, government of India, for providing the necessary facilities for carrying out the work. Our gratitude is also expressed to the Director of Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, for the continuous support. Our sincere thanks to Dr. Indraneil Das, Professor, University of Malaysia Sarawak for literature on Myiasis and Dr. Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Principal Scientist, LaCONES, CCMB, Hyderabad for his valuable guidance. We also thank Eyarin Jagamalar, Young Scientist, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, who identified the family of insects.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Rangasamy
    • 1
  • C. Sivaperuman
    • 2
  1. 1.Forest Survey of India, Eastern ZoneSalt Lake, KolkataIndia
  2. 2.Andaman and Nicobar Regional CentreZoological Survey of IndiaPort BlairIndia

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