Where Do Brazil, India, and China Stand?
This chapter explores the technical aspects of green technologies that are being developed to mitigate the challenges posed by vehicular pollution and fuel consumption. The use of standardized International Patent Classification (IPC) system of technologies is described to get a better understanding of the underlying green technologies. This is followed by an exercise that matches pollutants targeted in the regulations with selected patent-technology classes to develop a composite regulatory stringency index for Germany, India, Brazil, and China. The construction of a regulatory stringency index for each country builds on the information gathered in the fieldwork where interactions with technicians, industry representatives, government officials, and academicians were held.
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