Advertisement

Coordination Between Different Treaties Through Treaty Interpretation and the Possible Codification

  • Chang-fa LoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The proliferation of international treaties has been increasing. The result is that there are more actual and potential conflicts between the treaties. This chapter uses the relations between the WTO and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and between bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and FCTC as examples to show the need of coordinating the conflicts. One way of coordinating the conflicts would be to properly rely on treaty interpretation methods.

References

  1. Abdala MA, Spiller PT (2003) Damage valuation of indirect expropriation in international arbitration cases. Am Rev Int Arbitr 14:447–460Google Scholar
  2. Adopted Guidelines. http://www.who.int/fctc/treaty_instruments/adopted/en/. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  3. An Introduction to Trade and Environment in the WTO. http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/envt_intro_e.htm. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  4. Baumgärtner H (2011) Patents, Power, and Rhetoric: Intellectual Property Rights and the Politics of Regime Complexity. http://www.unilu.ch/files/Patents-Power-Rhetoric-wp04.pdf. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  5. Chan to world: stand with Australia—WHO’s director-general applauds Australia’s determination in fighting tobacco industry intimidation. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2012/tobacco_20120322/en/index.html. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  6. Cigarettes—The Only Legal Product. http://www.tobacco-facts.net/2009/04/cigarettes-the-only-legal-product. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  7. Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health. http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min01_e/mindecl_trips_e.htm. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  8. FCTC. WHO Framework convention on tobacco control—overview. http://www.who.int/fctc/text_download/en/. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  9. Forrest M (2000) Using the power of the World Health Organization: The International Health Regulations and the Future of International Health Law. C J Law Soc Probl 33:153–179Google Scholar
  10. Free Trade Agreements. http://www.ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  11. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (14 July 2016) Investor-State Tribunal Dismisses Philip Morris Case Against Uruguay Cigarette Packaging. BRIDGES 20(26). http://www.ictsd.org/bridges-news/bridges/news/investor-state-tribunal-dismisses-philip-morris-case-against-uruguay. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  12. Liberman J, Mitchell A (2010) In search of coherence between trade and health: inter-institutional opportunities. Md J Int Law 25:143–186Google Scholar
  13. Lo C (2008) A comparison of BIT and the investment chapter of free trade agreement from policy perspective. Asian J WTO Int Health Law Policy 3(1):147–170Google Scholar
  14. Lo C (2012a) Plain packaging and indirect expropriation of trademark rights under BITs: does FCTC help establish a right to regulate tobacco products? Med Law 31(4):521–551Google Scholar
  15. Lo C (2012b) External regime coherence: WTO/BIT and Public Health Tension as an illustration. Asian J WTO Int Health Law Policy 7(1):263–283Google Scholar
  16. OECD. “Indirect expropriation” and the “right to regulate” in international investment law. http://www.oecd.org/investment/investmentpolicy/33776546.pdf. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  17. Permanent Court of Arbitration Press Release (16 May 2016). https://www.pcacases.com/web/sendAttach/1713. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  18. Posting of Hunter JM and Essex Court Chambers to Kluwer Arbitration Blog (29 Jan 2012). http://kluwerarbitrationblog.com/blog/2012/01/29/investor-state-arbitration-and-plain-packaging-the-new-%E2%80%98anti-tobacco-movement%E2%80%99-has-begun/. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  19. Salazar V (2010) NAFTA chapter 11, regulatory expropriation, and domestic counter-advertising law. Arizona J Int Comp Law 27:31–82Google Scholar
  20. The Doha Round. http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dda_e/dda_e.htm. Accessed 13 Aug 2017
  21. World Trade Organization, Ministerial Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, WTO Doc. WT/MIN(01)/DEC/2 (20 Nov 2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Judicial YuanConstitutional CourtTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations