Level of Stress Between Obese and Nonobese Malaysians

  • Vincent ParnabasEmail author
  • Julinamary Parnabas
  • Antoinette Mary Parnabas
Conference paper


Obesity is the excess of body fat, often resulting in impaired health. For many years, people have suspected that stress and obesity are linked but since lack of research, it is not easy to determine the relationship. The aim of this research was to identify the level of stress between obese and nonobese Malaysians. The sample of this study consisted of 121, obese (N = 65) and nonobese (N = 56) Malaysians residing Shah Alam, Selangor. The sample was differentiated between obese and nonobese based on their Body Mass Index (BMI) result. BMI of 30 kg or more are classified as obese. The instrument used in this study comprised of a 73-item Stress Indicator Questionnaire (SIQ). The result showed that the level of stress on obese higher than nonobese, t (121) = 13.3120, p < .01. Besides that, all the symptoms of stress including Physical ( = 20.7343), Sleep ( = 19.2987), Behavioural ( = 21.5171), Emotional ( = 23.3312), and Personal Habits ( = 15.4591) were higher on obese compared to nonobese respondents. Even though the present study showed that food most probably perceived as a source to reduce stress but obese population should use other strategies to reduce their stress level than depending solely on food.


Body mass index (BMI) Obese Nonobese Stress 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent Parnabas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Julinamary Parnabas
    • 2
  • Antoinette Mary Parnabas
    • 3
  1. 1.Sport Science and Recreation FacultyUniversity of MARA Technology (UiTM)Shah AlamMalaysia
  2. 2.Institut Pendidikan GuruJitraMalaysia
  3. 3.Medical Unit, Hospital TaipingTaiping, PerakMalaysia

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