The Coherent Fragmentation of International Economic Law: Lessons from the Transpacific Partnership Agreement
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Rather than just focusing on one narrow component of the TPP, this chapter takes a macro perspective. It first seeks to measure the TPP’s contribution to the IELO—whether it really does add to the field and then, critically, whether the character and components of the TPP really do undermine the IELO. In other words, whether the TPP has much to contribute to the debate about the perception that the IELO is fragmented. The chapter finds that the TPP does not really contribute much new to the IEL, for what is new in the TPP is weak, and what is strong is not new. The chapter then conclude by applying the lessons from that analysis to uncover insights about the wider issue of the fragmentation of first the international economic legal order and then the international legal order in general. The chapter finds that while there are many parts to the international economic order, at a conceptual level it remains coherent. This may be styled coherent fragmentation. Extrapolating it is possible to then consider the wider international legal order similarly fragmented in a coherent manner.