Phase Mode SPM/AFM

  • Hideo NakajimaEmail author


If the cantilever is vibrated at a constant amplitude and frequency (near the resonance frequency of the cantilever) and lightly pressed against the sample, the amplitude and phase will change with a correlation with the shape and physical properties of the sample surface [1]. The method of detecting and imaging the amplitude and phase change of the cantilever at this time is called Phase Mode. Especially in the phase image, images that are not mere surface shapes can be obtained.


AM-AFM Dynamic mode Phase Amplitude Viscoelasticity 


  1. 1.
    García, R., Pérez, R.: Surf. Sci. Rep. 47, 197–301 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Global Application Development Center Analytical & Measuring Instruments DivisionShimadzu CorporationKyotoJapan

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