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Liquid SPM/AFM

  • Akinori KogureEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The principle of liquid SPM/AFM is the same as atmospheric AFM (Fig. 55.1). When a probe is near or in contact with a sample surface, an image of the probe–sample interaction with atomic resolution can be obtained. The difference between atmospheric observations and liquid SPM/AFM is that the probe and sample are immersed in a solution.

Keywords

In situ Q factor Spurious peaks FM mode 

Reference

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AMC Department Testing and Analysis DivisionShimadzu Techno-Research, INCKanagawaJapan

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