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Polymer Gels pp 247-274 | Cite as

Gel Formation by Non-covalent Cross-Linking from Amylose Through Enzymatic Polymerization

  • Tomonari Tanaka
  • Jun-ichi Kadokawa
Chapter
Part of the Gels Horizons: From Science to Smart Materials book series (GHFSSM)

Abstract

Polymer gels are constructed by polymeric network structures with cross-linking points, which stably include a large amount of dispersion media, leading to functional soft materials. The specific formation of cross-linking points contributes to exhibiting unique properties of the resulting gels. In this chapter, we focus on the gel formation through non-covalent cross-linking from amylose, a natural polysaccharide. Amylose has a helical conformation, which is able to form two types of complexes, that is, double helix by two amylose chains and inclusion complex with other molecules having suitable structures and sizes. Because a well-defined amylose can be synthesized by enzymatic polymerization by phosphorylase catalysis, the studies on the dynamic gel formation through non-covalent, double helical, and inclusion complexing, cross-linking from amylose has been achieved by means of the enzymatic polymerization field. The resulting gels showed unique properties and functions.

Keywords

Amylose Enzymatic polymerization Non-covalent cross-linking Supramolecular gel 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biobased Materials Science, Graduate School of Science and TechnologyKyoto Institute of TechnologyKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and EngineeringKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan

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