Polysaccharide-Based Polymer Gels and Their Potential Applications
Utilization of polysaccharides as precursors to develop new polymer gels has been growing recently due to their superior inherent properties such as biodegradability, chemical activity, biocompatibility, non-toxicity, abundance, and affordable price. This chapter discusses polymer gels in terms of chemical structures, modifications, the main properties of promising polysaccharide precursors, the most common crosslinkers, and methods of crosslinking either by physical or chemical methods along with mode of interactions. It also highlights the different techniques used to characterize and evaluate the performance and functional properties of the fabricated gels as well as their potential applications in different fields. Finally, recent developments and future trends are considered to cope with the growing demands for engineering novel polymer gels for further ecofriendly successful applications.
KeywordsCarbohydrates Reversible and irreversible hydrogel Chemical and physical crosslinking Mechanisms of gel formation Potential applications
- Ibrahim NA, Abo‐Shosha MH, El‐Zairy EA, El‐Zairy EM (2006) New thickening agents for reactive printing of cellulosic fabrics. J Appl Poly Sci 101(6):4430–4439Google Scholar
- Ibrahim NA, Eid BM, El-Aziz EA, Elmaaty TMA, Ramadan SM (2017) Loading of chitosan – Nano metal oxide hybrids onto cotton/polyester fabrics to impart permanent and effective multifunctions. Int J Biol Macromol 105: 769–776Google Scholar
- Kitazono E, Kaneko H (2012) Hyaluronic acid compound, hydrogel thereof and joint treating material. 2Google Scholar
- Kriegel R (2004) Divinyl sulfone crosslinking agents and methods of use in subterranean applicationsGoogle Scholar
- Singh A, Sharma PK, Garg VK, Garg G (2010) Hydrogels: a review. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res 4:97–105Google Scholar