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Polymer Gels: Molecular Design and Practical Application

  • Vicente de Oliveira Sousa Neto
  • Raimundo Nonato Pereira Teixeira
  • Gilberto Dantas Saraiva
  • Ronaldo Ferreira do Nascimento
Chapter
Part of the Gels Horizons: From Science to Smart Materials book series (GHFSSM)

Abstract

Polymer gels are worn in our steadily lives for extended wear lenses, superabsorbent polymers, etc., and more fancy applications are in development. They are among the most interesting and functional materials. Gels are characterized as polymers and their swollen matters with three-dimensional chain structures that are insoluble in any solvents. The capacity of polymer gels to experience considerable swelling and crumpling as an element of their surroundings is a standout among the most admirable properties of these materials. Polymer gels ordinarily contain a lot of portion of solvent, which gives them a singular quality started from a fluid nature. Additionally, they can keep up shape like strong materials, unless extra stress is applied. Subsequently, the mix of flexibility and shape maintenance capacity gives special properties, especially mechanical properties. Gels are wet and moldable and resemble a strong material yet are set up for experiencing considerable distortion. This property is as opposed to most modern materials, for example metals, earthenware production, and plastics, which are dry and hard. This chapter focuses on polymer gels in terms of molecular design, assembly, crosslink formations, and practical application.

Keywords

Surface science Gels Thermoresponsive properties 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vicente de Oliveira Sousa Neto
    • 1
  • Raimundo Nonato Pereira Teixeira
    • 2
  • Gilberto Dantas Saraiva
    • 3
  • Ronaldo Ferreira do Nascimento
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryState University of Ceará (UECE-FECLESC)QuixadáBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Biological ChemistryRegional University of Cariri (URCA)CratoBrazil
  3. 3.Department of PhysicalState University of Ceará (UECE-FECLESC)QuixadáBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Analytical Chemistry and Physical-ChemistryFederal University of CearaCearaBrazil

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