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Hydrogels pp 29-50 | Cite as

History, Classification, Properties and Application of Hydrogels: An Overview

  • Sourbh Thakur
  • Vijay Kumar Thakur
  • Omotayo Ademola Arotiba
Chapter
Part of the Gels Horizons: From Science to Smart Materials book series (GHFSSM)

Abstract

The term hydrogel was coined in 1894 as it was employed to explain a colloidal gel. The first report on the application of hydrogels was given by Wichterle and Lim in 1960, which was in the biomedical field. Hydrogels generally absorb a large amount of water, and this swelling is responsible for the rubbery and soft properties of hydrogel. Hydrogels have found applications in environmental, biomedical, food, etc., fields. This chapter presents a brief review of hydrogels—basic definition, classifications, preparations and applications. This chapter highlights among others, the application of polysaccharide-based hydrogels in adsorption and dye removal in water treatment.

Keywords

Hydrogels Hydrogel classification Hydrogel application Polysaccharide-based hydrogels Hydrogel as adsorbent Dye removal 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sourbh Thakur
    • 1
  • Vijay Kumar Thakur
    • 2
  • Omotayo Ademola Arotiba
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.School of Aerospace, Transport and ManufacturingEnhanced Composites and Structures Center, Cranfield UniversityBedfordshireUK
  3. 3.Centre for Nanomaterials Science ResearchUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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