Advertisement

Ethnicized Networks and Local Embeddedness: The New Chinese Migrant Community in Cambodia

  • James K. Chin
Chapter

Abstract

Ethnic Chinese in Cambodia are the country’s largest ethnic minority. About 60 % are urban residents engaged mainly in commerce and the other 40 % are in rural areas. Since the fall of the Khmer Rouge regime, the once stricken Chinese community has been rejuvenated by an influx of new migrants from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and neighboring Southeast Asian countries. Enterprises set up by new Chinese migrants are now present in almost every city and town, particularly Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Sihanouk Ville and Battambang. Chinese migrant entrepreneurs invest in building factories, banks, hospitals, restaurants, hotels, discos and casinos, while Chinese skilled laborers have been recruited to work in these enterprises, especially in garment factories. New Chinese migrants play a very important role in the economy of Cambodia, whose revenue relies mainly on the duties levied on their factories and companies.

References

  1. Becker, E. (1998). When the War Was Over: Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge Revolution. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  2. Berman, J. S. (1996). Anti-Vietnamese Discrimination and Nationality in Cambodia. California Law Review, 84(3), 817–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chanda, N. (1988). Brother Enemy: The War After the War. New York: Collier Books.Google Scholar
  4. Chowdhury, F. L. (2006). Corrupt Bureaucracy and Privatization of Tax Enforcement. Dhaka: Pathak Shamabesh.Google Scholar
  5. Coedès, G. (1948). Les états hindouisés d’Indochine et d’Indonésie. Paris: E. De Boccard.Google Scholar
  6. Coleman, J. S. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. East Asia Analytical Unit. (1995). Overseas Chinese Business Networks in Asia. Canberra: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Commonwealth of Australia.Google Scholar
  8. Echols, A., & Tsai, W. (2005). Niche and Performance: The Moderating Role of Network Embeddedness. Strategic Management Journal, 26(3), 219–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Edwards, P. (2009). Chinese in Cambodia. In P. Edwards & C. Sambath (Eds.), Ethnic Groups in Cambodia (pp. 174–234). Phnom Penh: Center for Advanced Studies.Google Scholar
  10. Gomez, E. T. (1999). Chinese Business in Malaysia: Accumulation, Ascendance, Accommodation. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
  11. Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 78, 1360–1380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Groslier, B. P. (1958). Angkor et le Cambodge au XVI e siècle d’après les sources portugaises et espagnoles. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  13. Hiscock, G. (1997). Asia’s Wealth Club. London: Nicholas Breasley Publishing.Google Scholar
  14. Kang, D. C. (2003). Transaction Costs and Crony Capitalism in East Asia. Comparative Politics, 35(4), 439–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kiernan, B. (1986). Kampuchea’s Ethnic Chinese Under Pol Pot: A Case of Systematic Social Discrimination. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 16(1), 18–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kiernan, B. (1990). The Survival of Cambodia’s Ethnic Minorities. Cultural Survival Quarterly, 14(3), 64–66.Google Scholar
  17. Kiernan, B. (2002). The Pol Pot Regime: Race, Power, and Genocide in Cambodia Under the Khmer Rouge, 1975–79 (2nd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Kotkin, J. (1993). Tribes: How Race, Religion, and Identity Determine Success in the New Global Economy. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  19. Krueger, A. (1974). The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society. American Economic Review, 64(3), 291–303.Google Scholar
  20. Malleret, L. (1959–63). L’Archéologie du Delta du Mekong. 4 Volumes. Paris: EFEO.Google Scholar
  21. Naren, K., & Holly, R. (2014, July 19). Hun Sen Quashes Plans for a Trade Office with Taiwan. The Cambodia Daily.Google Scholar
  22. Nasbitt, J. (1995). Megatrends Asia: The Eight Megatrends That Are Changing the World. London: Nicholas Breasley.Google Scholar
  23. Pasour, E. C., Jr. (1987). Rent Seeking: Some Conceptual Problems and Implications. The Review of Austrian Economics, 1(1), 123–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pribbenow, I. I., & Merle, L. (2006). A Tale of Five Generals: Vietnam’s Invasion of Cambodia. The Journal of Military History, 70(2), 459–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Redding, S. G. (1990). The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ross, K. L. (1996). Rent-Seeking, Public Choice, and the Prisoner’s Dilemma. http://www.friesian.com/rent.htm. Accessed 25 Aug 2012.
  27. Rowher, J. (1995). Asia Rising. Singapore: Butterworth-Heinemann Asia.Google Scholar
  28. Seekins, D. M. (1990). Historical Setting. In R. Ross (Ed.), Cambodia: A Country Study (pp. 1–72). Washington, DC: The Library of Congress.Google Scholar
  29. Teston, E., & Percheron, M. (1931). L’Indochine Moderne: Encyclopédie Administrative, Touristique, Artistique et Économique. Paris: Librairiede France.Google Scholar
  30. Tsia, W., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social Capital and Value Creation: The Role of Intra-firm Networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 464–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tullock, G. (1967). The Welfare Costs of Tariffs, Monopolies, and Theft. Western Economic Journal, 5(3), 224–232.Google Scholar
  32. Weidenbaum, M., & Hughes, S. (1996). The Bamboo Network. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  33. Whitley, R. (1992). Business Systems in East Asia: Firms, Markets and Societies. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  34. Willmott, W. E. (1967). The Chinese in Cambodia. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  35. Wu, F. (1993). Dongnanya Huaqiao Tongshi (A General History of Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia). Fuzhou: Fujian People’s Press.Google Scholar
  36. Yoshihara, K. (1988). The Rise of Ersatz Capitalism in South-East Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Zhen Xiang Zazhi (Compil.). (1981–82). Yuenan Jianpuzhai Huaqiao de Beicanzibai (The Tragic Testimonies of Overseas Chinese from Vietnam and Cambodia). Hong Kong: Kehua Books Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  38. Zhou, Daguan (Chou Ta-Kuan). (c.1296–1297). Zhengla fengtuji (Account of the Customs of Cambodia), 1981 Reprint. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju (annotated by Xia Nai).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • James K. Chin
    • 1
  1. 1.Jinan UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations