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Gender Mainstreaming in Parliament

  • A. T. M. Obaidullah
Chapter

Abstract

Parliament is the apex representative body in a democratic country. A parliament cannot be said to be democratically elected and legitimate if it is not an inclusive institution that represents the citizens of the country, with all its diversity across gender, social class, and ethnicity. The international community holds the view that promoting a gender balance in parliament is essential for increasing legislative capacity, performance, and legitimacy (http://iknowpolitics.org/en/discuss/e-discussions/parliamentary-oversight-gender-equality). Democratic parliaments derive their legitimacy from their ability to represent all the citizens of their country. Therefore, where the role of women is hampered or limited, overall institutional legitimacy suffers as a result. The larger the presence of women in parliament, the greater the benefit to the nation. Parliaments with a greater gender balance are more representative, more responsive, and more effective in overseeing the executive, and enjoy higher levels of trust (http://iknowpolitics.org/en/discuss/e-discussions/parliamentary-oversight-gender-equality). However, women have faced inequality in most parliaments throughout the world in the past and even today. Against this backdrop, this chapter analyzes gender equality in the Bangladesh Parliament in relation to its organization, representation, legislation, budgeting, and oversight functions

Keywords

Parliament Gender mainstreaming Gender responsiveness Underrepresentation Legislation Oversight and gender budgeting 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. T. M. Obaidullah
    • 1
  1. 1.Public AdministrationUniversity of RajshahiDhakaBangladesh

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