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Keratinophilic Fungi Distribution, Pathogenicity and Biotechnological Potentials

  • Shilpa A. VerekarEmail author
  • Sunil K. Deshmukh
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in different habitats wherein the population of these fungi is expected to occur: air, soil from various environments like gardens, caves, cold and saline habitat. The ability to degrade the keratinic material and mechanism of action is discussed. Importance of these fungi in petroleum hydrocarbon degradation is discussed. Various metabolites with antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor and related compounds produced by this group of fungi are documented. Examples of synthesis of silver nanoparticles are also included. The need for an extensive survey of keratinophilic fungi from unexplored substrates and habitats and biochemical potentialities is highlighted. It is concluded that fungi other than dermatophytes can be opportunistic pathogens. The need for a culture collection of this group of fungi is also highlighted.

Keywords

Keratinophilic fungi Extreme climate Secondary metabolites Culture collection Keratin degradation Silver nanoparticles Database 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mérieux NutriSciencesMahape, Navi MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.TERI-Deakin Nano Biotechnology CentreThe Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)New DelhiIndia

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