Occurrence and Distribution of Mushrooms in Semi-evergreen Sal (Shorea robusta) Forest Chhattisgarh, Central India

  • Kamlesh Shukla
  • Bhoopander Giri
  • R. V. ShuklaEmail author


Chhattisgarh is an important state covering largest semi-evergreen Sal (Shorea robusta) forest area in the country, where the Achanakmar–Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve (ABR) harbours a rich mushroom wealth in association with the varieties of tree species. Mushrooms, an important component of the forest ecosystem, grow on a variety of habitats open or shady grounds. Some grow under certain kinds of plant litter, and some of these grow only with one kind of tree species showing their host specificity. The mushroom species like Amanita, Boletus, Cantharellus, Russula and Lactarius are usually associated with certain types of trees. There are number of ectomycorrhizal mushrooms (EM) many of which have narrow host range, facing greater threat due to transformation of forests land. The mushrooms such as Agaricus, Amanita, Cantharellus, Calocybe, Geastrum, Ganoderma, Lentinus, Pleurotus, Russula, Termitomyces, Volvariella, Scleroderma appear widely in different forests; however, local people lack knowledge of in situ conservation of these species, thus could not maintain their regular accessibility. Therefore, distribution, biology, taxonomy, chemistry, cultivation and conservation of mushroom have great significance and relevance, particularly among the tribal groups many of which prefers to live in the forests.


Sal forest Mushrooms Basidiomycete fungi Forests Teak Pine Rhizosphere Ectomycorrhiza Litter 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamlesh Shukla
    • 1
  • Bhoopander Giri
    • 2
  • R. V. Shukla
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Studies in BiotechnologyPt. Ravishankar Shukla UniversityRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Botany, Swami Shraddhanand CollegeUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanyC.M.D. College BilaspurBilaspurIndia

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