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Methodology: CT Lymphography

CT Lymphography for Superficial Esophageal Cancer
  • Akira TangokuEmail author
  • Takahiro Yoshida
  • Hiroaki Toba
  • Hirokazu Takechi
  • Masakazu Okumua
  • Takeshi Nishino
  • Seiya Inoue
  • Misako Nakagawa
  • Masami Morimoto
  • Toru Sawada
  • Mariko Aoyama
  • Naoki Miyamoto
  • Kohei Nishioka
  • Keisuke Fujimoto
  • Hiromitsu Takizawa
Chapter

Abstract

Sentinel lymph node (SLN) navigation surgery became the routine clinical procedure in breast cancer (BC) surgery. SLN navigation has also been introduced to gastrointestinal cancer but still remains controversial for esophageal cancer, because the lymphatic network spread widely from the abdomen to the neck compared with gastric and colon cancer. We developed SLN navigation surgery using multidetector (MD) computed tomography lymphography (CTLG) with a water-soluble iodine tracer injection in BC, which predict not only the precise number and location of the SLNs but also the existence of lymph node metastasis surrounding detailed anatomy, during a screening CT for metastasis.

During the surgery, indocyanine green (ICG) solution was injected around the tumor. SLNs were identified using ICG fluorescence imaging (IGFI) navigated by preoperative CTLG. Lymphatic vessels and SLNs were clearly visualized, and SLNs were identified and sampled using IGFI referring to CTLG, resulting in successful SLN navigation.

The results that micrometastases were existed only in the SLNs which were detected by CTLG navigation authorize the reliability of this method.

Keywords

Sentinel lymph node (SLN) Navigation surgery CT lymphography Superficial esophageal cancer Minimal invasive surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Tangoku
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takahiro Yoshida
    • 1
  • Hiroaki Toba
    • 1
  • Hirokazu Takechi
    • 1
  • Masakazu Okumua
    • 1
  • Takeshi Nishino
    • 1
  • Seiya Inoue
    • 1
  • Misako Nakagawa
    • 1
  • Masami Morimoto
    • 1
  • Toru Sawada
    • 1
  • Mariko Aoyama
    • 1
  • Naoki Miyamoto
    • 1
  • Kohei Nishioka
    • 1
  • Keisuke Fujimoto
    • 1
  • Hiromitsu Takizawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Thoracic, Endocrine Surgery and Oncology, Institute of Biomedical SciencesTokushima University Graduate SchoolTokushimaJapan

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