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Obstetric Anesthesia

  • Masataka KameiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Despite advances in anesthetic and obstetric care, cardiovascular disease in pregnancy continues to cause significant rates of morbidity and mortality in obstetric surgery. As a growing population of adults with congenital heart disease reaches childbearing age, the incidence of cardiovascular disease in pregnancy has been dramatically increasing. As a result, anesthesiologists are also increasingly faced with managing cesarean sections in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Cesarean delivery is inherently one of the most challenging surgeries for such patients. This chapter focuses on perioperative anesthetic management for cesarean section in this population. The major anesthetic goal is to achieve a multidisciplinary-based optimization of maternal hemodynamics to improve outcomes for the two patients, mother and baby. There is unfortunately no definitive evidence to guide anesthesiologists on how to best manage cesarean patients with cardiovascular disease. Consequently, the author’s recommended approach described herein is primarily based on physiological principles, as well as on personal experience. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the pathophysiology, available options for anesthesia, and potential complications is crucial if today’s anesthesiologist is to optimize hemodynamics in mothers with cardiovascular disease who are undergoing cesarean section.

Keywords

Anesthesia Cesarean section Cardiovascular disease 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical AnesthesiologyMie University Graduate School of MedicineTsu CityJapan

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