Evidence-Based Surgery

  • Rajeev ParameswaranEmail author
  • Amit Agarwal


Millions of major surgical procedures are performed worldwide every year, but despite this, evidence for the indications and benefits of some surgical procedures is lacking. With increasing numbers of surgeries, inappropriate surgical treatments can result in significant cost and hazard to the patient. There has also been an explosion of medical information over the last two decades. The incorporation of such large quantities of knowledge and its application into day-to-day clinical practice is challenging and requires that the best available evidence is required for treatment-related decisions. Rising public and professional expectations are also driving the demand for evidence-based clinical practice. Evidence-based surgery involves the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of the best clinical and scientific evidence in best clinical care. Evidence-based practice is now an integral part of surgical practice, and its adoption will improve patient and clinical outcomes.


Evidence-based medicine Prognosis Randomized controlled trials 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Endocrine SurgeryNational University HospitalSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS)LucknowIndia

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