Education may become a major arena for political competition in transitional societies, as the case of Taiwan has revealed. Education reform has become a politically and electorally salient issue in the new-born democracy ever since 1994, and the reform process has reflected the dominant political controversies on the island – the pursuit of democratization and Taiwanization (national identity cleavage). Taiwan’s education reform and electoral politics largely share the same set of players, while all educational players have played a role at different stages of the electoral process, by striving for popular support.
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