Rwanda’s New Competence-Based School Curriculum

New Approaches to Assessing Student Learning Needed
  • Ernest Ngendahayo
  • Helen Askell–Williams
Part of the Higher Education Horizons book series (HEHO)


Rwanda has embarked on curriculum reform to improve the quality of education. This is a crucial step in the direction of Rwanda’s ambition to “develop a knowledge-­based society and the growth of regional and global competition in the jobs market” (REB, 2015). An important shift has been to move away from a “knowledge-­based curriculum” to a competence-­based curriculumi, and from knowledge and skills acquisition to knowledge creation and application. The aim is to develop students’ independent, lifelong learning habits; appropriate skills and knowledge; and applications to real-­life situations. There is growing recognition of the potential of competence-­based education, unlike traditional subject/content-­based education, to develop the capabilities/competences that are deemed essential for success in both academia and today’s knowledge-­based economy (Darling-­Hammond, 2012; Scardamalia et al., 2012).


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Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest Ngendahayo
    • 1
  • Helen Askell–Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.College of EducationUniversity of RwandaRwanda
  2. 2.School of EducationFlinders UniversityAustralia

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