System and Scope

  • Christoph Schmon
Part of the Short Studies in Private International Law book series (SSIL)


The Brussels I Recast and the Rome I Regulations show certain systematic commonalities, such as the idea of proximity to the dispute or legal relationship or that they set out a rule-exception relation between general and special rules. Leaving this aside, there are many infrastructure differences. The Brussels I Recast Regulation is driven by the goal of providing access to the courts of the EU Member State where the defendant is domiciled. Compensation for this jurisdictional preference is provided by special grounds for jurisdiction that focus on the subject-matter in dispute. The Rome I Regulation, by contrast, cannot be concerned with such jurisdictional thoughts. Its general rules do not generally protect one party to the contract and its formula gives a strong priority to party autonomy. There is thus no parallel feature to ‘general jurisdiction’ in conflict of laws, as a default rule would thwart its idea of qualification. In turn, the tertium non est datur logic of Rome I and II has no equivalent in the Brussels I Regulation, which internally draws the demarcation line between contractual and non-contractual obligations.


Brussels I Recast Regulation Rome I Regulation Hierarchy Rule-Exception Relation Favor Defensoris Contractual Matters Party Interests Tessili Case 


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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the author  2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christoph Schmon
    • 1
  1. 1.NottinghamUK

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