Advertisement

BalSAR: A Stratospheric Balloon-Borne SAR System

  • Marco MartorellaEmail author
  • Elias Aboutanios
Conference paper
  • 21 Downloads
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB)

Abstract

Surveillance systems are continuously employed for both military and civilian applications, including homeland security and border protection, which are two main concerns to NATO and in particular to the Science for Peace and Security (SPS) programme. Several platforms and systems, developed in past years, have turned into surveillance systems that are currently used in such scenarios. This paper describes a high-altitude balloon-borne synthetic aperture radar (BALSAR) system, which is currently under development as part of a NATO funded project within the SPS programme. Such a system will be able to perform surveillance tasks by acquiring radar data, forming SAR images and using them to extract valuable information.

Keywords

High-altitude platform Stratospheric balloon Airborne surveillance Synthetic aperture radar 

References

  1. 1.
    d’Oliveira FA, de Melo FCL, Devezas TC (2016) High-altitude platforms present situation and technology trends. J Aerosp Technol Manag 8:249–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang W, Shao H (2014) High altitude platform multichannel SAR for wide-area and staring imaging. IEEE Aerosp Electron Syst Mag 29:12–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yang H, Li Z, Wu J, Huang Y, Yang J, Yang X (2013) Near-Space slow SAR high-resolution and Wide-Swath imaging concepts. In: 2013 IEEE radar conference (RadarCon13), pp 1–5Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Airbus Zephyr High Altitude Pseudo-satellite (HAPS). https://www.airbus.com/defence/uav/zephyr.html. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  5. 5.
    Raytheon Aerostat. http://www.raytheon.com/capabilities/products/jlens/. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  6. 6.
    NASA’s Scientific Balloon Program. http://asd.gsfc.nasa.gov/balloon/. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  7. 7.
    JAXA high altitude balloon projects. http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sas/balloon/topics.html. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  8. 8.
    Google Loon Project. https://loon.com/. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  9. 9.
    Facebook High Altitude Platform project. https://code.fb.com/connectivity/high-altitude-connectivity-the-next-chapter/, [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  10. 10.
    Nock K, Heun M, Aaron K (2002) Global stratospheric balloon constellations. Adv Space Res 30:1233–1238ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    NOAA NWS Radiosonde Observations. https://www.weather.gov/upperair/factsheet. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  12. 12.
    Stratoflights Classroom on the Edge of Space. https://www.stratoflights.com/en/education/info/. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  13. 13.
    UNSW’s BLUEsat High Altitude Balloon Team. https://bluesat.com.au/teams/high-altitude-ballooning/. [Online], last Accessed June May 2020
  14. 14.
    Zaugg EC, Margulis A, Bradley JP, Kozak AH, Roehrich WK (2019) SAR imaging from stratospheric balloons: first results. In: IEEE radar conferenceGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Osborne B, Aboutanios E, Dempster A, Cetin E, Heiser G, Glennon E (2013) UNSW EC0 cubesat design: experiments in radiation tolerance critical systems, GNSS remote observation and 3-D printed satellite structures. In: 5th European cubesat symposium, p 41Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cheong JW, Southwell BJ, Andrew W, Aboutanios E, Lam C, Croston T, Li L, Green S, Kroh A, Glennon EP, Bultitude J, Broadbent T, Guo TBQ, Aligno JG, Dempster AG, Osborne B (2020) A robust framework for low-cost Cubesat scientific missions. Space Sci Rev 216(1):8ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Muylaert J, Reinhard R, Asma C, Buchlin J, Rambaud P, Vetrano M (2009) QB50: an international network of 50 cubesats for multi-point, in-situ measurements in the lower thermosphere and for re-entry research. In: ESA atmospheric science conference, Barcelona, pp 7–11Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    The QB50 project. https://www.qb50.eu. [Online], last Accessed May 2020
  19. 19.
    Puig-Suari J, Turner C, Ahlgren W (2001) Development of the standard CubeSat deployer and a cubesat class picosatellite. In: 2001 IEEE aerospace conference proceedings (Cat. No.01TH8542), vol 1, pp 1/347–1/353Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Spangelo SC, Kaslow D, Delp C, Cole B, Anderson L, Fosse E, Gilbert BS, Hartman L, Kahn T, Cutler J (2012) Applying model based systems engineering (MBSE) to a standard CubeSat. In: 2012 IEEE aerospace conference, pp 1–20Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    The UNSW-EC0 QB50 CubeSat. http://www.acser.unsw.edu.au/QB50. [Online], last Accessed May 2020

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information EngineeringUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Radar and Surveillance Systems National LabCNITPisaItaly
  3. 3.School of Electrical Engineering and TelecommunicationsUNSW SydneySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations