Combinations of Quantum Physical Systems

  • Arno Bohm
  • Piotr Kielanowski
  • G. Bruce Mainland


The structure of quantum systems is studied by “looking at them” with light or with other quantum systems such as electrons that are usually more fundamental and have less structure than the physical system being investigated. If a quantum particle has no internal structure and is a point object, it is fundamental and is called an elementary particle.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arno Bohm
    • 1
  • Piotr Kielanowski
    • 2
  • G. Bruce Mainland
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsCINVESTAVMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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