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Introduction

  • Philippe Bonnal
Chapter

Agriculture has always occupied a central place in the preoccupation of States and has, indeed, shaped many or most of them. This is no doubt due to its natural and indispensable function of providing food, its predominant place in the use of land, its importance in the mobilization and distribution of natural resources (land and water), its weightage in the generation of value, and its role in the creation of direct and indirect employment. As a result, for many countries, agriculture remains a highly strategic sector of activity and, consequently, a subject of political attention.

But the way in which the State intervenes in the agricultural domain and takes on a regulatory role varies greatly from one country to another. It can support the transformation of national agriculture as a whole and encourage its integration into market economics, as most industrialized countries have done. It may also favour one form of agriculture over another, as South American countries have long done...

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© Éditions Quæ 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Bonnal
    • 1
  1. 1.MontpellierFrance

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