Coral Reef Ecosystem

  • Baolin Liao
  • Baohua Xiao
  • Zhiyong Li


Coral reefs construct the most bustling metropolis in the oceans. Known as the “rainforests of the sea,” coral reefs form some of the most diverse ecosystems. They provide many complicated marine habitats to support a wide range of other living beings. There are diverse coral reef organisms, such as sponge, sea anemone, coral algae, etc. besides corals. A coral reef is one of the most vital ecosystems on Earth and plays an irreplaceable role in maintaining the biodiversity and ecological balance of the oceans.


Coral reefs Coral Sponge Zooxanthellae Ecological function 



We gratefully acknowledge financial supports from the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (31861143020, 41776138, 41742002, U1301131, 41176127, 41076077) and the National Major Scientific Research Program of China (2013CB956103).

Ethical Statement

The corals mentioned in this chapter for transplant and restoration are approved by the Guangdong Science and Technology Bureau and Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Commission. We have obtained the license of the People’s Republic of China for aquatic wild animals and the license of the People’s Republic of China for domestication and breeding of aquatic wild animals; all of the studies were carried out in compliance with the law and regulations under the supervision and approval of the government.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baolin Liao
    • 1
  • Baohua Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhiyong Li
    • 3
  1. 1.Shenzhen Institute of Guangdong Ocean UniversityShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangdong Ocean UniversityZhanjiangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Marine Biotechnology Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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