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Knower and the Known

  • David D. Franks
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Sociology book series (BRIEFSSOCY)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is discussed and different epistemologies are identified. The nature of the human brain is noted. What emotions do for the brain per se is discussed. The new social behaviorism is described as an epistemology. The dangers of either/or thinking as well as dualism are addressed. Next, the chapter attends to the arguments between the old enlightenment epistemologies of empiricism and idealism as well as the futility of the either/or thinking that characterized the discussion. A formula is presented for avoiding this. Criticisms of analytical philosophy follow from a neurosociological point of view. Emotion and reason as opposing dualisms are critiqued, and emotion is shown to be necessary for reason. The important fact is presented that all of our senses are transducers as a reason why we cannot know the world objectively, the “way it is” like the enlightenment empiricists presumed. Reasons for retaining the notion of truth are given regardless of postmodern positions to the contrary. Modern social behaviorism is described as well as its avoidance of the “stimulus error.” The place of “affordance” in modern social behaviorism is addressed. The concepts of relativism and relationalism are contrasted, and some criticisms of postmodernism follow from this contrast.

Keywords

Modern social behaviorism Enlightenment empiricists Idealists Transducers Emotions Dualism Stimulus error Affordances 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David D. Franks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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