Advertisement

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

  • Wendy Marisol Torres-Avilez
  • Flávia dos Santos Silva
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
Chapter
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)

Abstract

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf is an herbaceous species native to tropical Asia that has been introduced to several South American countries, including Brazil, where it is known by several local names. This species is recognized in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries for the chemical properties of its essential oil, which is composed of citral, as main component. The essential oil of this plant is in high demand in countries such as the United States, Japan, France and Switzerland and must be used with caution because large doses can damage the body.

Keywords

Medicinal plants Lemon grass Essential oil Crop Production 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are especially grateful to the National Institute of Science and Technology in Ethnobiology, Bioprospecting and Nature Conservation, certified by CNPq, with financial support from FACEPE (Foundation for the Support of Science and Technology of the State of Pernambuco).

References

  1. Albuquerque UP (2006) Re-examining hypotheses concerning the use and knowledge of medicinal plants: a study in the Caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2(30).  https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-2-30. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almeida CFCBR, Ramos MA, Amorim ELC et al (2010) A comparison of knowledge about medicinal plants for three rural communities in the semi-arid region of northeast of Brazil. J Ethnopharmacol 127(3):674–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Almeida RBA, Akisue G, Cardoso LML, Junqueira JC, Jorge AOC (2013). Antimicrobial activity of the esencial oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. on Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus mutas and Candida Spp. rev. Brav. Planta Med 15(4):474–482Google Scholar
  4. Álvarez ML, Salazar YM (2014) Caracterización morfológica de las royas (Pucciniales) que afectan el limoncillo (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf) en Colombia. Bioagro 26(3):171–176Google Scholar
  5. Antolinez GJC, de Colmenares NG, Usubillaga A, Darghan E, Linares S (2008) Evalución de variables agronómicas em el cultivo de Limonaria (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) para la producción de aceite essencial. Interciencia 33(9):693–699Google Scholar
  6. Bassolé IHN, Lamien-Meda A, Bayala B et al (2011) Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon giganteus essential oils alone and in combination. Phytomedicine 18:1070–1074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bermúdez A, Velázquez D (2002) Etnobotánica médica de una comunidad campesina del estado de Trujillos, Venezuela: un estudio preliminar usando técnicas cuantitativas. Rev Fac Farm 44:2–6Google Scholar
  8. Blanco MM, Costa CARA, Freire AO et al (2009) Short Communication. Neubehavioral effect of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus in mice. Phytomedicine 16:265–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boruah P, Misra B, Pathac M, Ghosh A (1995) Dynamics of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf under rust disease indices. J Essent Oil Res 7:337–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Castro LO, Ramos RLD (2002) Principais gramíneas produtoras de óleos essenciais: Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf., capim-cidró, Cymbopogon martinii (Rox.) J.F. Watson, palma-rosa, Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle, citronela, Elyonurus candidus (Trin.) Hack., capim-limão, Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash, vetiver. Porto Alegre, FEPAGRO. 31pGoogle Scholar
  11. Costa CARA, Bidinotto LT, Takahira RK, Salvadori DMF, Barbisan LF, Costa M (2011) Cholesterol reduction and lack of genotoxic or toxic effects in mice after repeated 21-day oral intake of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essencial oil. Food Chem Toxicol 49:2268–2272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dawson FA (1994) The amazing terpenes. Nav Stores Rev:6–12Google Scholar
  13. Departament of Agricultura Forestry and Fisheries (2009) Essential oil crops, production guidelines for lemongrass. Lemograss production. Departament: Agricultura and Fisheries, Republic of South Africa 19 pGoogle Scholar
  14. Fandohan P, Gnonlonfin B, Laleye A, Gbenou JD, Darboux R, Moudachirou M (2008) Toxicity and gastric tolerance of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum basilicum in Wistar rats. Food Chem Toxicol 46:2493–2497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fundación Chenomics Colombia. Manual de fitoprotección y análisis de plaguicidad (estrído de PERSUAP) Cultivo (2003) Plantas medicinales y aromáticas (Curcuma- Curcuma longa, estevia- Stevia rebaudiana, jengibre- Zingiber officinale, anamú- Petiveria alliacea, limonaria – Cymbopopgon citratus, ruda –Ruta gravealens). Colomb Alternat Dev (CAD) Proj:75Google Scholar
  16. Gomes EC (2003) Capim-Limão- Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf: subsídios para melhoria de qualidade do cultivo, industrialização e comercialização no estado do Paraná [dessertação]. Universidade Federal do Paraná.Google Scholar
  17. Gomes EC, Negrelle RRB (2015) Análises da cadeia produtiva do capim limão: estudo de caso. Rev Bras Pl Med 17(2):201–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kpoviessi S, Bero J, Agbani P et al (2014) Chemical composition cytoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essencial oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin. J Ethnopharmacol 15:1652–1659Google Scholar
  19. Lal RK (2012) Stability for oil yield and variety recommendations’ using AMMI (additive main effects and multiplicative interactions) model in Lemongrass (Cymbopogon species). Ind Crops Prod 40:296–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lemos GCS, Santos AD, Freitas SP, Gravina GA (2013) Controle de plantas invasoras em cultivo orgánico e convencional de capim-limão (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.). Rev Bras Pl med 15(3):405–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lorenzetti ER, Conceição DM, Sacramento LVS, Furtado EL (2012) Controle da ferrugem do capim-limão (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf) com produtos naturais. Rev Bras Pl Med 14(4):571–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lucena FFB, Tintino RS, Figueredo GF, Oliveira DMCD, Aguiar DSJJ, Cardoso DNE et al (2015) Avalição da atividade antibacteriana e moduladora de aminoglicosideos do óleo esencial de Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. Acta biol Colomb 20(1):39–45Google Scholar
  23. Machado MSS, Silva HBF, Rios R, de Oliveira AP, Carneiro NVQ, Costa RS et al (2015) The anti-allergic activity of Cymbopogon citratus is mediated via inhibition of nuclear factor kappa B (Nf-Hb) activation. BMC Complement Altern Med 15:168.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-015-0702-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Martinazzo AP, De Castro ME, Demuner AJ, Amorim BP (2013) Avaliação do óleo essencial folhas de Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf após o processo de secagem. Bol Latinoam Caribe Plant Med Aromat 12(5):523–536Google Scholar
  25. Melo JG, Járisson Martins DGR, Amorim ELC, Albuquerque UP (2007) Qualidade de produtos a base de plantas medicinais comercializados no Brasil: castanha-da-índia (Aesculus hippocastanum L.), capim-limão (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf) e centelha (Centella asiática (L.) Urban). Acta Bot Bras 21(1):27–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Melo MP, Araújo JSP, Carvalho Junior AA, Tostes GO, Arêas MS (2010) Puccinia nakanishikii, nova ocorrência de ferrugem em capim-limão (Cymbopogon citratus) no Brasil. Short comunication. Tripical Plant Pathol 35(2):129–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Miranda TM, Hanazaki N, Govone JS et al (2011) Is there effective resources utilization among Cardoso Island population (“caiçaras”), São Paulo State, Brazil? Rodriguesia 62(1):153–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Moreira FV, Bastos JFA, Blank AF, Alves PB, Santos MR (2010) Chemical composition and cardiovascular effects induced by the essencial of Cymbopogon citratus DC. Stapf, Poaceae, in rats. Braz J Pharmacog 20(6):904–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Naik MI, Ahmad FB, Jaykumar E et al (2010) Antibacterial activity of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) oil against some selected pathogenic bacterias. Asian Pac J Trop Med:535–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nguefack J, Lekagne Dongmo LB, Dakole CD (2009) et la. Food preservative potential of essential oils and fractions from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Thymus vulgaris against mycotoxigenic fungi. Int J F Microbiol 131:151–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Onawunmi GO, Yisak W, Ogunlana EO (1984) Antibacterial constituents in the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. J Ethnopharmacol 12:274–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Oyedele AO, Gbolade AA, Sosan MB, Adewoyin FB, Soyelu OL, Orafidiya OO (2002) Formulation of an effective mosquito-repellent topical product from Lemongrass oil. Phytomedicine 9(3):259–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Poonpaiboonpipat T, Pagnakorn U, Suvunnamek U et al (2013) Phytotoxic effects of essential oil from Cymbopogon citratus and its physiological mechanisms on barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli). Ind Crop Prod 41:403–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rojas J, Roceros S, Palacios O, Sevilla C et al (2012) Efecto anti-Trypanosoma cruzi del aceite esencial de Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf (hierba luisa) en ratones Balb/c. An Fac Med 73(1):7–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Santi RM, Dos Santos AO, Nakamura CV et al (2009) In vitro activity of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus and its major component (citral) on Leishmania amazonensis. Parasitol Res 105:1489–1496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Santoro GF, Cardoso MG, Guimarães LGL et al (2007) Anti-proliferative effect of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf (lemongrass) on intracellular amastigotes, bloodstream trypomastigotes and culture epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi (Protozoa: Kinetoplastida). Parasitology 134:1649–1656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Secretaria de Estado da Agricultura e do Abastecimento. Departamento de Economia Rural (2002) Levantamento do valor bruto da produção agropecuária. produtos especiais: safra 2000/2001. PARANÁ CuritibaGoogle Scholar
  38. Sinha S, Jothiramajayam M, Ghosh M, Mukherjee A (2014) Evaluation of toxicity of essential oils palmorosa, citronela, lemongrass and vetiver in human lymphocytes. Food Chem Toxicol 68:71–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Soto OR, Vega M, Tamajón AL (2002) Instructivo técnico del cultivo de Cymbopogon citratus (D.C) Stapf (caña santa). Rev Cubana Med 7(2):89–95Google Scholar
  40. Stevens WD, Ulloa C, Pool A, Montiel OM (2001) Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot Gard 85:i–xliiGoogle Scholar
  41. The Plant list.org [Internet] (2015) Updated 2013; cited 2015 May 15. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org
  42. Toscano JYG (2006) Uso tradicional de plantas medicinales en la vereda San Isidro, municipio de San José de Pare-Boyacá: un estudio preliminar usando técnicas cuantitativas. Acta Biol Colomb 11(2):1–10Google Scholar
  43. TRAMIL (2014) Farmacopea vegetal caribeña. tercera edición. CICY, México 400 pGoogle Scholar
  44. Tropicos, Missouri Botanical Garden.org [Internet] (2015) Update 2015 January 25; cited 2015 May 15. Available from: http://www.tropicos.org
  45. Tyagi AK, Malik A (2010) Liquid and vapour-phase antifungal activities of selected essential oils against Candida albicans: microscopic observations and chemical characterization of Cymbopon citratus. BMC Complement Altern Med 10:65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Vera F, Costa G, Figueirinha A, Marques C, Pereira P, Neves BM et al (2013) Anti-inflammatory activity of Cymbopogon citratus leaves infusión via proteasome and nuclear factor-kB pathway inhibition: contribution of chlorogenic acid. J Ethnopharmacol 148(1):126–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Vida JB, Carvalho Junior AA, Verzignassi JR (2006) Primeira ocorrência de ferrugem em capim-limão causada por Puccinia cymbopogonis no Brasil. Summa Phytopathol 32(1):86–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zank S, Hanazaki N (2012) Exploring the links between ethnobotany, local therapeutic practices, and protected areas in Santa Catarina Coastline, Brazil. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/563570 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zucchi MR, Oliveira Júnior VF, Gussoni MA et al (2013) Levantamento etnobotânico de plantas medicinais na cidade de Ipameri – GO. Rev Bras Pl Med 15(2):273–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendy Marisol Torres-Avilez
    • 1
  • Flávia dos Santos Silva
    • 1
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução de Sistemas Socioecológicos, Departmento de BotânicaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de BotânicaCentro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

Personalised recommendations