Computer-Aided Preoperative Planning and Virtual Simulation in Orthopedic Surgery
Computer-Aided Preoperative Planning
Significance of Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional (3D) Preoperative Planning
Two-dimensional (2D) X-ray and CT images are conventionally used for the evaluation and planning in orthopedic surgery. Although CT images can provide more information than X-ray images, current 2D imaging platform faces many difficulties. The first one is that the surgeon must rebuild the 3D status of the bone structure and imagine its fracture in mind, which may not be easy for junior surgeons. The second difficulty is that the preoperative planning is generally implemented by freehand sketch because the surgeon almost can do nothing but look at the 2D images slice by slice. Substantial estimation must be done as it is difficult to perform surgical simulation in 2D imaging platform. With the development of 3D medical technologies, more and more studies have been conducted to explore and develop computer-aided 3D preoperative planning for orthopedic surgery.
For surgeons to...
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