Digital Fracture Classification

  • Dan Wang
  • Guoxian Pei


Fractures are the main focus of the field of orthopedics. An international classification system of fractures is important for their correct diagnosis and treatment. The classification of fractures facilitates uniform criteria for diagnosis, treatment, and the evaluation of treatment results. Therefore, the international fracture classifications are basic knowledge for clinical orthopedic physicians. Many different classification methods exist and may vary depending on the location of the fracture. Fracture classification lines and corresponding clinical radiographs are two-dimensional, making them difficult to translate to practice. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the normal spine, limbs, and joints can be simulated for clinical fracture classifications. Images and animations can provide multiangle, dynamic views of different types of fractures for classifications that allow for quicker, more accurate decision-making, especially in the diagnosis and treatment of intra-articular, pelvic, and acetabulum complex fractures.


  1. 1.
    Schatzker J, McBroom R, Bruce D. The tibial plateau fracture: the Toronto experience. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999;138:94–104.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pei G. Digital fracture classification. 1st ed. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House; 2010. p. 1–2.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Seyed BM. Fracture classifications in clinical practice. 6th ed. London: Springer; 2005. p. 10–13, 19, 35, 38, 58, 62, 67Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang S, Li H, Huang Y. Fracture classification and functional evaluation. 1st ed. Beijing: People’s Military Medical Press; 2008. p. 41–98, 143, 205Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang C, Shi H. Fracture classification manual. 1st ed. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House; 2008. p. 28–30, 130–132Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhixiong L. Common diagnostic classification methods and functional evaluation criteria in orthopedics. 1st ed. Beijing: Beijing Science and Technology Press; 2005. p. 53–7, 139–41Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. and People's Medical Publishing House 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Wang
    • 1
  • Guoxian Pei
    • 2
  1. 1.The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.The Fourth Military Medical UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations