Advertisement

Magnetic Resonance Project 35-26-7: A Cuban Case of Engineering Physics and Biophysics

  • Carlos A. Cabal MirabalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science book series (BSPS, volume 304)

Abstract

The Magnetic Resonance Project 35-26-7 started in December 1987, commissioned by the [then] Cuban Prime Minister, Fidel Castro, who—concerned about introducing technological advancement into the Cuban health [system]—had for some months taken an interest in the possibility of building magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment for medical diagnosis in Cuba (Zito M, Argüelles MM et al, Y sin embargo–: ciencia: hablan 30 investigadores cubanos. Editoria April, Habana, pp 56–66, 1999; Cabal, Biofísica Médica. In: Fidel Castro Dìas-Balart (eds) Cuba. Amanecer del Tercer Milenio. Ciencia, Sociedad y Tecnología: Biofísica Médica. Debate Editorial, Madrid, pp 31–48, 2002). Many of the companies producing MRI equipment were unable to deliver this technology to Cuba due to the bloqueo, the United States embargo against Cuba. Those who were later to advance the project’s progress in scientific technology initially regarded the implementation of such a project in a developing country as unfeasible due to its complexity. But Fidel’s belief and confidence and in turn the Cuban scientists’ commitment to him and to Cuban science proved to be an undeniable factors for its success.

Keywords

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Magnetic Resonance Imaging Machine Medical Biophysics Magnetic Resonance Imaging Equipment Presentation Magnetic Resonance Imaging 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Cabal, C. 1980. Nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation mechanism in aqueous solution of Ni(II) and Co(II). PhD thesis, Leningrad University.Google Scholar
  2. Cabal, C. 2002. Biofísica médica. In Cuba. Amanecer del Tercer Milenio. Ciencia, Sociedad y Tecnología: Biofísica Médica, ed. Fidel Castro Dìas-Balart, 31–48. Madrid: Debate Editorial.Google Scholar
  3. Cabal, C. 2011. A 20 Años de la Primera máquina de resonancia magnética de imágenes cubana: Un proyecto de Ingeniería Física y Biofísica. Rev. Cub. Fis. 28(1): 68–72.Google Scholar
  4. Cabal, C., and V.I. Chizhik. 1982. Study of molecular motion and microstructure of hydrate shells of nickel(II) and cobalt(II) ions by the NMR relaxation method. Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry 17(3): 322–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cabal, C., and V.I. Chizhik. 1983. Frequency dependence of 1H and 7Li relaxation times in concentrated solution of Ni (II). Vestnik Leningrad University 1(4): 20–24.Google Scholar
  6. Cabal, C., L. Fiffe, and A. Guzmán. 1984. Posibilidades de la Relajación Magnética Nuclear de Protones para el Estudio de la Reaccion de Oxidación de Cobalto (II) en Medio Amoniacal. Rev. Cub. Fis. 4(3): 9–14.Google Scholar
  7. Cabal, C., E. Gonzalez, H. Sánchez, A. Bordelois, A. Frómeta, J. Parra, and M. Sánchez. 1997. Spatial frequency response of Cuban MRI machine GIROIMAG. Physica Medica XIII: 211–213.Google Scholar
  8. Cabal, C., A. Fernández, M. Lores, E. Alvarez, J. Losada, C. Soler, and E. Pérez. 1998. Magnetic relaxation in the kinetics of the polymerization of hemoglobin S. Clinical diagnosis and treatment with vanillin. Paper presented at the ISMRM Sixth Meeting and exhibition in Sydney, Australia. Medicine 3: 1027–1030.Google Scholar
  9. Cabal, C., E. González, and J.E. Paz. 1999. Resonancia magnética de imágenes cubana: tres años de servicio en el sistema nacional de salud. Revista Cubana de Salud Pública 25(2): 123–128.Google Scholar
  10. Cabal, C., E. González, Y. Torne, and A. Rojas. 2009. Micro magnetic and molecular magnetic resonance imaging in modern biotechnology and pharmacy. Biotecnologia Aplicada 26(4): 304–314.Google Scholar
  11. Cabal Mirabal, C., and I. Ruiz Chaveco. 2008a. A model of the molecular aggregate process of haemoglobin S. Absence of crystallization. Revista Integración, Universidad de Santander 26(1): 13–22.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  12. Cabal Mirabal, C., and I. Ruiz Chaveco. 2008b. A mechanism of crystallization processes of haemoglobin S. Revista Integración, Universidad Industrial de Santander 26(2): 1–9.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. Chizhik, V.I., C. Cabal, A. Guzmán, A. Miranda, and R. Novas. 1983. Relaxómetro de Resonancia Magnética Nuclear. Rev. Cub. Fis. III(3): 33–42.Google Scholar
  14. Fernández, A., C. Cabal, J. Losada, E. Alvarez, C. Soler, and J. Otero. 2005. In vivo action of Vanillin on delay time determined by magnetic relaxation. Hemoglobin 29(3): 181–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fernandez, A., C. Cabal, M. Lores, J. Losada, and E. Perez. 2009. Sickle cell disease painful crisis and steady state differentiation by proton magnetic resonance. Hemoglobin 33(3–4): 206–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gilart, F., N. Fleitas, and C. Cabal. 1987. Estudio del Cemento Pórtland-350 de la Fábrica ‘José Mercerón’ con el Método de Relajación Magnética. Rev. Cub. Fis. 7(1): 53–58.Google Scholar
  17. Guzmán, A., C. Cabal, L. Molina, A. Fernández, and V.I. Chizhik. 1987. Procesos de Relajación Protónica en Soluciones Acuosas de Lantánidos. Rev. Cub. Fis. 7(1): 47–52.Google Scholar
  18. Lores, M., and C. Cabal. 2005. Proton magnetic relaxation process during the polymerization of hemoglobin S. Applied Magnetic Resonance 28(1–2): 79–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lores, M., C. Cabal, O. Nascimento, and A.M. Gennaro. 2006. EPR study of hemoglobin rotational correlation time and microviscosity during the polymerization of hemoglobin S. Applied Magnetic Resonance 30(1): 121–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Losada, J., F. Guilart, C. Cabal, et al. 1988. NMR relaxation study of sickle cell disease. In Proceedings of the XXIV congress AMPERE magnetic resonance and related phenomena, Poznan, 1027–1030.Google Scholar
  21. Méndez-Pérez, L.M., E.J. Roca-Oria, and C. Cabal. 2012. Roberto Soto del Rey, fundador de la Universidad de Oriente y de su Departamento de Física. Rev. Cub. Fis. 29(1): 33–36.Google Scholar
  22. Noda, M., C. Cabal, E. González, and J. Paz. 1999. Resonancia Magnética de Imágenes Cubana: tres años de servicio en el Sistema Nacional de Salud. Revista Cubana de Salud Pública 25(2): 123–128.Google Scholar
  23. Noda, M., J. Losada, E. Pérez, E. González, A. Govin, I. González, and C. Cabal. 2004. Evaluación de Afectaciones Morfológicas en el Cerebro de pacientes con Anemia de células falciformes con el uso de Imágenes de Resonancia Magnética. Revista de neurología 38(1): 17–19.Google Scholar
  24. Pérez Delfin, E., I. González Ferro, M. Noda Guerra, E. González Dalmau, A. Govin Cid, C. Cabal Mirabal, and J. Losada Gómez. 2004. Evaluación de Afectaciones Morfológicas en el Cerebro de pacientes con Anemia de células falciformes con el uso de Imágenes de Resonancia Magnética. Revista de Neurologia 38(1): 17–19.Google Scholar
  25. Sánchez, H., C. Garrido, C. Cabal, and H. Saint Jalmes. 2004. Designing an efficient resistive magnet for magnetic resonance imaging. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 40(5): 3378–3381.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. Zito, M., M.M. Argüelles, et al. 1999. Y sin embargo–: ciencia: hablan 30 investigadores cubanos. Habana: Editoria April.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Head of Images Group, Chemical Physics DivisionCenter for Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyHavanaCuba

Personalised recommendations