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Dextran Test in the Study of Blood Groups in Pigs

  • J. Hojný
  • J. Hradecký
Chapter

Summary

In our paper we describe a survey of the serological character of antibodies, detecting blood factors on pig erythrocytes and emphasize that ample use can be made of the dextran test.

We compare titres of several antibodies of the same specificity by means of the direct and indirect agglutination test, the dextran test and the haemolytic test against each of the 44 blood factors. Reagents are divided into several groups according to the nature of individual test sera: anti A, Bb, Da, all reagents of the E system (Ea, Eb, Ed, Ee, Ef, Eg, Eh) and Fa, Ka, Kd, Ke, La, Li, and exceptionally also Ga, Gb, Kb and Lg are complete agglutinins. Another group of antibodies, giving excellent reactions in the dextran test, comprises the majority of reagents of the K system and also most, antibodies detecting blood factors of the L system and the O system. The dextran test also considerably increases the titre of many complete antibodies.

The numerous group of typical incomplete antibodies reacting in the main only in the indirect antiglobulin test: anti Ca, Ha, Ia, Ib, Ja, Ma, Mc, M(d), Na, Nb, but also Ga, Gb, Hb and Hc.

Least represented are reagents of haemolytic character examples of which we obtained only as anti (Ac, Ap), Fa, Hb, Ka, Kd and Kb.

The concluding note mentions new blood factors Fb and Md.

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References

  1. Andresen, E., 1957. Blodtypeforskningen hos svinet, Raport Den Kgl. Veterinaer- og Landbohøjs koles afd. f. Fysiologi, Endakrinologi og Blodtypeforskning, 1, 21.Google Scholar
  2. Andresen, E., 1963. A study of blood groups of the pig, Munksgaard, Copenhagen, pp. 30–32.Google Scholar
  3. Hojný, J. and Hála, K., 1965. Blood group system O in pigs. Blood groups of animals, Edited by J. Matoušek, Publishing House of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague, pp. 163–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hojný, J., Gavalier, M., Hradecký, J. and Linhart, J., 1966. New blood factors in pigs. Polymorphismes biochimiques des animaux. Xe Congrès européen sur les groupes sanguins et le polymorphisme biochimique des animaux, Paris, pp. 151–158.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Hojný
    • 1
  • J. Hradecký
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Physiology and Genetics of AnimalsCzechoslovak Academy of SciencesLiběchovCzechoslovakia

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