Blood Group Studies in Simental Cattle in Poland
The aim of this work was the study of blood group antigens of Simental cattle in Poland. The tests include 1200 breeding cattle from the counties of Rzeszów Province, where the mixture of native and imported Simentals from Austria, Switzerland, G. F. R. and Rumania occurred.
As a result of genotype analysis it was possible to establish 75 alleles with frequencies from 16.53% to 0.1%.
These alleles were compared with phenogroups of Swiss and German Simentals described in the literature.
The number of alleles showed, that these cattle are not genetically uniformed. Bulls used in recent years have had a marked influence on genetic structure of this breed.
The phenogroups which were found in Simental cattle in Poland suggest, that alleles from other breeds like Black and White and Polish Red are present in this breed.
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