Haemoglobins, Transferrins and Album of Sheep and Goats
By means of paper electrophoresis Cabannes and Serain (1955) and Harris and Warren (1955) detected polymorphism of sheep haemoglobin. Three phenotypes explained by two alleles were found. Evans et al. (1956) called the two genes HbA and HbB where HbA controls the fastest moving component. Braend et al. (1964) and Braend and Efremov (1964) reported a new sheep haemoglobin which was named N. This has a slower rate of migration on starch gels than Hb B. The Hb N was found in sheep having the HbA gene, but not in all. It was variously expressed and if present usually found in small quantities. Extensive investigations have been carried out to see if the alleles HbA and HbB have any selective advantages and if they may be correlated with economical important traits (see Ogden 1961).
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