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Serum Proteins in Equidae: Species, Race and Individual Differences

  • M. Kaminski
Chapter

Abstract

Previous studies of erythrocyte antigens and serum proteins of two Equidae species: horse and donkey, and of their hybrids: mule and hinny showed that
  1. 1.

    with respect to blood groups, horse and donkey erythrocytes bear different antigens, all of which can be detected on mule or hinny erythrocytes (Podliachouk 1957 et 1964). Races or breeds of horses can be differentiated by studying frequencies of a given antigen.

     
  2. 2.

    immunochemical comparison of several serum proteins failed to reveal antigenic differences between the two parental species, and all four systems appeared as immunologically identical (Podliachouk 1964).

     
  3. 3.

    comparative examination of serum esterases by starch gel electrophoresis permitted, on the contrary, a clear differentiation between horse and donkey sera; the latter is lacking the faster-migrating esterase (Kaminski 1964). Both hybrids have the same zymogram as the horse, which probably means that the presence of the fast esterase is a dominant character.

     

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References

  1. Podliachouk, L. (1957). Thèse doct. ès-sci. Paris.Google Scholar
  2. Podliachouk, L. et Kaminski, M. (1964). Etudes immunologiques sur les Equidés. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 106: 497.Google Scholar
  3. Kaminski, M. and Gajos, E. (1964). Comparative examination of Carboxylic Esterases in Sera of Horse, Donkey and their Hybrids, Nature, G. B., 201: 716.Google Scholar
  4. Ashton, G. C. (1958). Serum Protein Variations in Horses, Nature 182 : 1029.Google Scholar
  5. Schmid, D. O. (1962). Über den Serumtransferrin-polymorphismus bei Pferden, Zt. Immun. exper. Therap. 124 : 219.Google Scholar
  6. Braend, M. and Stormont, C. (1964). Studies on Hemoglobin and Transferrin Types of Horses (8th European Conference for Animal Blood Group Research Ljubljana 1962) Nord. Vet. - Mad. 16: 31.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Kaminski
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of HistophysiologyUniversity of FranceParisFrance

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