The onset of the juvenile period in carp, Cyprinus carpio: a literature survey

  • Lorenzo Vilizzi
  • Keith F. Walker
Part of the Developments in environmental biology of fishes book series (DEBF, volume 19)


Literature data on the relative growth of body parts, functional morphology, feeding behaviour and differential growth capacity in 0+ carp, Cyprinus carpio, were relatively consistent with respect to the onset of the juvenile period in this species, which occurs at 20–25 mm standard length (20–30 days after hatching), when the process of metamorphosis (larva-juvenile transition) is regarded as complete and the definitive phenotype is attained. However, changes in metabolic rate, development of social interactions and shifts in habitat use suggest that carp are not ‘small adults’ until they attain a greater size and age. Problems relative to the global heterogeneity of carp stocks, including wild and domesticated morphs, and the importance of an holistic approach to the study of metamorphosis in carp, and fish in general, are also discussed.

Key words

Cyprinidae early ontogeny life-history model metamorphosis larva morphology differential growth alprehost 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lorenzo Vilizzi
    • 2
  • Keith F. Walker
    • 1
  1. 1.River Murray Laboratory, Department of ZoologyUniversity of AdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Landscape & Ecology Research Group, Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of HertfordshireHatfield, HertfordshireUK

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