Advertisement

Vertical distribution and feeding activity of metamorphosing sole, Solea solea, before immigration to the Bay of Vilaine nursery (northern Bay of Biscay, France)

  • Françoise Lagardère
  • Rachid Amara
  • Lucette Joassard
Part of the Developments in environmental biology of fishes book series (DEBF, volume 19)

Synopsis

To evaluate the impact of metamorphosis on the vertical distribution and feeding activity of sole, Solea solea, larvae passing from offshore spawning grounds to the Bay of Vilaine, sampling series at fixed stations were carried out in April 1991 and April 1993 at depths from 50 to 30 m. Comparisons between plankton and bottom sampling series indicated differences in vertical distribution of larvae in pre-metamorphic and metamorphic steps. Metamorphosing larvae displayed a tendency to concentrate in the lower part of the water column, mainly during the day. Gut contents, analysed for prey identification, fullness index and carbon content, indicated that metamorphosing larvae fed mostly on plankton. Variations in fullness index were observed not only during the day, but also depended on tide and wind-induced mixing conditions. Larvae sampled in mixed spring-tide waters had highly variable carbon estimates, resulting in unclear diel activity. More larvae fed actively at neap-tide, which allowed the observation of a diurnal feeding activity through hourly changes in carbon estimates. It is concluded that immigrating sole were not yet able to settle but prepared themselves for demersal life (i) without undergoing starvation and (ii) by modifying the patterns of vertical distributions. The presence of a larval swimbladder suggests they can adjust their vertical movements, depending on tidal cycles, which could in turn favour coastal accumulation of metamorphosing larvae and pulses of new settlers entering the nursery grounds.

Key words

flatfish metamorphic changes near-bottom shift planktonic diet feeding rhythm inshore transfer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Al-Maghazahi, S.J. and R. Gibson. 1984. The developmental stages of turbot, Scophthalmus maximus. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 82: 35–51.Google Scholar
  2. Amara, R. and P. Bodin. 1995. L’environnement trophique méiobenthique en dehors des nourriceries côtières est-il favorable à l’installation des jeunes soles? Oceanologica Acta 18: 583–590.Google Scholar
  3. Amara, R. and F. Lagardère. 1995. Taille et âge au début de la métamorphose chez la sole (Solea solea (L.)) du Golfe de Gascogne. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 52: 247–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Amara, R., F. Lagardère and Y. Désaunay. 1993. Seasonal distribution and duration of the planktonic stage of Dover sole, Solea solea, in the Bay of Biscay: an hypothesis. J. Fish Biol. 43 A: 17–30.Google Scholar
  5. Amara, R., Y. Desaunay and F. Lagardère. 1994. Seasonal variation in growth of larval sole, Solea solea (L.) and consequences on the success of larval immigration. Neth. J. Sea Res. 32: 287–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Amara, R., J.C. Poulard, F. Lagardère and Y. Désaunay. 1998. Comparison between the life cycles of two Soleidae, the common sole, Solea solea, and the thickback sole, Microchirus variegatus, in the Bay of Biscay (France). Env. Biol. Fish. 53: 193–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Appelbaum, S., J.W. Adron, S.G. George, A.M. Mackie and J.S. Pirie. 1983. On the development of the olfactory and the gustatory organs of the Dover sole, Solea solea, during metamorphosis. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 63: 97–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arbault, S., P. Camus and C. Le Bec. 1986. Estimation du stock de sole (Solea vulgaris, Quensel 1806 ) dans le golfe de Gascogne à partir de la production d’oeufs. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 4: 145–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Balon, E.K. 1975. Terminology of intervals in fish development. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 32: 1663–1670.Google Scholar
  10. Blaxter, J.H.S. 1972. Brightness discrimination in larvae of plaice and sole. J. Exp. Biol. 57: 693–700.Google Scholar
  11. Blaxter, J.H.S. 1980. The effect of hydrostatic pressure on fishes. pp. 369–386. In: M.A. Ali (ed.) Environmental Physiology of fishes, Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Blaxter, J.H.S. 1988. Sensory performance, behavior and ecology of fish. pp. 204–232. In: J. Atema, R.R. Fay, A.N. Popper and W.W. Tavolga (ed.) Sensory Biology of Aquatic Animals, Springer-Verlag, New-York.Google Scholar
  13. Blaxter, J.H.S. and M. Staines. 1970. Pure-cone retinae and retinomotor responses in larval teleosts. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 50: 449–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Boulhic, M. and J. Gabaudan. 1992. Histological study of the organogenesis of the digestive system and swim bladder of the Dover sole Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758). Aquaculture 102: 373–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Boulhic, M., R. Galois, C. Koutsikopoulos, F. Lagardère and J. Person-Le Ruyet. 1992. Etat nutritionnel, croissance et survie des stades pélagiques de la sole, Solea solea (L.) du golfe de Gascogne. Ann. Inst. Océanogr. Paris 68: 117–139.Google Scholar
  16. Campos, W.L., M. Kloppmann and H. von Westernhagen. 1994. Inferences from the horizontal distribution of dab Limanda limanda (L.) and flounder Platichthys fiesus (L.) larvae in the southeastern North Sea. Neth. J. Sea Res. 32: 277–286.Google Scholar
  17. Canino, M.F. and K.M. Bailey. 1995. Gut evacuation of walleye pollock larvae in response to feeding conditions. J. Fish Biol. 46: 389–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Champalbert, G. and C. Koutsikopoulos. 1995. Behaviour, transport and recruitment of Bay of Biscay sole (Solea solea): laboratory and field studies. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 75: 93–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Champalbert, G., C. Macquart-Moulin, G. Patriti and L. Le Direach-Boursier. 1992. Light control of vertical movements of larvae and juvenile sole (Solea solea L.). Mar. Behay. Physiol. 19: 263–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Champalbert, G., J. Marchand and J. Le Campion. 1994. Rheotaxis in juvenile sole Solea solea (L.): influence of salinity and light conditions. Neth. J. Sea Res. 32: 309–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Creutzberg, F., A.Th.G.W. Eltink and G.J. van Noort. 1978. The migration of plaice larvae Pleuronectes platessa into the western Wadden Sea. pp. 243–251. In: D.S. McLusky and A.J. Berry (ed.) Physiology and Behaviour of Marine Organisms, Perga-mon Press, Oxford.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fortier, L. and R.P. Harris. 1989. Optimal foraging and density-dependent competition in marine fish larvae. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 51: 19–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fuiman, L.A. 1997. What can flatfish ontogenies tell us about pelagic and benthic lifestyles ? J. Sea Res. 37: 257–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gibson, R.N. 1997. Behaviour and the distribution of flatfishes. J. Sea Res. 37: 241–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gibson, R.N., J.H.S. Blaxter and S.J. De Groot. 1978. Development changes in the activity rhythms of the plaice (Pleuronectes platessa L.). pp. 169–186. In: J.E. Thorpe (ed.) Rhythmic Activity of Fishes, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Hkanson, J.L., S.H. Coombs and P. Ré. 1994. Lipid and elemental composition of sprat (Sprattus sprattus) larvae at mixed and stratified sites in the German Bight of the North Sea. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 51: 147–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Harding, D. and J.W. Talbot. 1973. Recent studies on the eggs and larvae of the plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) in the Southern Bight. Rapport et Procès-verbaux des Réunions du Conseil permanent international pour l’Exploration de la Mer 164: 102–103.Google Scholar
  28. Harvey, R., R.H.S. Blaxter and R.D. Hoyt. 1992. Development of superficial and lateral line neuromasts in larvae and juveniles of plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) and sole (Solea solea). J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 72: 651–668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Koutsikopoulos, C. and N. Lacroix. 1992. Distribution and abundance of sole (Solea solea (L.)) eggs and larvae in the Bay of Biscay between 1986 and 1989. Neth. J. Sea Res. 29: 81–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Koutsikopoulos, C., L. Fortier and J. Gagné. 1991. Cross-shelf dispersion of Dover sole eggs and larvae (Solea solea) in Biscay Bay and recruitment to inshore nurseries. J. Plankt. Res. 13: 923–945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Koutsikopoulos, C., D. Dorel, Y. Désaunay, B. Le Cann and A. Forest. 1993. Interactions entre processus physiques et comportement individuel: conséquences sur l’organisation et le fonctionnement du stock de sole (Solea solea L.) du golfe de Gascogne. pp. 49–74. In: D. Gascuel, J.L. Durand and A. Fonteneau (ed.) Premier Forum Halieumétrique, Collection Colloques et Séminaires, ORSTOM Editions, Paris.Google Scholar
  32. Lagardère, F. 1989. Influence of feeding conditions and temperature on the growth rate and otolith-increment deposition of larval Dover sole (Solea solea ( L.)). Rapport et Procès-verbaux des Réunions du Conseil permanent international pour l’Exploration de la Mer 191: 390–399.Google Scholar
  33. Lagardère, J.P. 1987. Feeding ecology and daily food consumption of common sole, Solea vulgaris Quensel, juveniles on the French Atlantic coast. J. Fish Biol. 30: 91–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Last, J.M. 1978. The food of four species of pleuronectiform larvae in the eastern English Channel and southern North Sea. Mar. Biol. 45: 359–368.Google Scholar
  35. Le Cann, B., C. Koutsikopoulos, N. Lacroix and G. Champalbert. 1992. Interactions des processus physiques et biologiques dans la dynamiques des stades pélagiques de la sole Solea solea (L.), sur le plateau continental du golfe de Gascogne, France. Ann. Inst. Océanogr. Paris 68: 107–115.Google Scholar
  36. MacCall, A.D. 1990. Dynamic geography of marine fish populations. Washington Sea Grant Program, Univ. Washington Press, Seattle. 153 pp.Google Scholar
  37. Macquart-Moulin, C., C. Castelbon, G. Champalbert, D. Chikhi, L. Le Direach-Boursier and G. Patriti. 1989. The role of barosensitivity in the control of migrations of larval and juvenile sole (Solea solea L.): influence of pressure variations on swimming activity and orientation. Rapport et Procès-verbaux des Réunions du Conseil permanent international pour l’Exploration de la Mer 191: 400–408.Google Scholar
  38. Macquart-Moulin, C., G. Champalbert, B. Howell, G. Patriti and C. Ranaivoson. 1991. La relation alimentation-fixation benthique chez les jeunes soles Solea solea L. métamorphosées. Evidences expérimentales. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 153: 195–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Marchand, J. 1991. The influence of environmental conditions on settlement, distribution and growth of 0-group sole (Solea solea (L.)) in a macrodital estuary ( Vilaine, France). Neth. J. Sea Res. 27: 307–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Marchand, J. 1992. Métamorphose et passage pelagos/benthos chez la sole (Solea solea): synthèse des données acquises dans le site atelier de la Vilaine (1986–1990). Ann. Inst. Océanogr. Paris 68: 141–150.Google Scholar
  41. Marchand, J. and G. Masson. 1989. Process of estuarine colonization by 0-group sole (Solea solea): hydrological conditions, behaviour, and feeding activity in the Vilaine estuary. Rapport et Procès-verbaux des Réunions du Conseil permanent international pour l’Exploration de la Mer 191: 287–295.Google Scholar
  42. Munk, P., T. Kirboe and V. Christensen. 1989. Vertical migrations of herring, Clupea harengus, larvae in relation to light and prey distribution. Env. Biol. Fish. 26: 87–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Neilson, J.D. and R.I. Perry. 1990. Diel vertical migrations of fishes: an obligate or facultative process? pp. 115–168. In: J.H.S. Blaxter and A.J. Southward (ed.) Advances in Marine Biology, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  44. Norcross, B.L. and R.F. Shaw. 1984. Oceanic and estuarine transport of fish eggs and larvae: a review. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 113: 153–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Power, J.H. 1984. Advection, diffusion and drift migration of larval fish. pp. 27–37. In: J.D. McCleave, G.P. Arnold, J.J. Dodson and W.H. Neill (ed.) Mechanisms of Migration in Fishes, Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rijnsdorp, A.D., M. van Stralen and H.W. van der Veer. 1985. Selective tidal transport of North Sea plaice larvae Pleuronectes platessa in coastal nursery areas. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 114: 461–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ryland, J.S. 1966. Observations on the development of larvae of the plaice, Pleuronectes platessa L., in aquaria. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer 30: 177–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sundby, S. 1995. On the dome-shaped relationship between wind-generated turbulence and larval feeding. Neth. J. Sea Res. 34: 243–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Symonds, D.J. and S. Rogers. 1995. The influence of spawning and nursery grounds on the distribution of sole Solea solea (L.) in the Irish Sea, Bristol Channel and adjacent areas. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 190: 243–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Veer, H.W. van der. 1986. Immigration, settlement and density-dependent mortality of a larval and early post-larval O-group plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) population in the western Wadden Sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 29: 223–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Williams, R. and D.B. Robins. 1982. Effects of preservation on wet weight, dry weight, nitrogen and carbon contents of Calanus helgolandicus ( Crustacea: Copepoda). Mar. Biol. 71: 271–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Françoise Lagardère
    • 1
  • Rachid Amara
    • 2
  • Lucette Joassard
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche en Ecologie Marine et Aquaculture de L’Houmeau (CNRS-IFREMER)L’HoumeauFrance
  2. 2.IFREMER-Centre de NantesNantesFrance

Personalised recommendations