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Disorders involving inorganic ions

  • M. J. Eadie
  • J. H. Tyrer
Chapter

Abstract

Inorganic ionic (Na+, Cl, K+) concentration gradients across the outer limiting membranes of neurons and muscle cells determine the excitability of these cells, while calcium ion (Ca2+) concentrations influence neurotransmitter release and also excitation-contraction coupling in muscle. Disturbances in the concentration of these small inorganic anions and cations which are ubiquitously present in body fluids therefore alter neural and muscular functions. The disorders produced by alterations in individual ions will be considered below.

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Copyright information

© M. J. Eadie and J. H. Tyrer 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Eadie
    • 1
  • J. H. Tyrer
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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