Advertisement

Cretaceous Stage Boundaries — Proposals

  • T. Birkelund
  • J. M. Hancock
  • M. B. Hart
  • P. F. Rawson
  • J. Remane
  • F. Robaszynski
  • F. Schmid
  • F. Surlyk
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 304)

Abstract

A unified scale of Cretaceous stages has been generally accepted for a long time. However, the earliest stage, the Berriasian, is often replaced by the Ryazanian, reflecting the particular difficulties of correlating between the Tethyan and the Boreal Realms around the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alcaydé, G. 1980: Le Turonien. In Les étages français et leurs stratotypes. Mém. B.R.G.M. 109, 139–144.Google Scholar
  2. Allemann, F., Catalano, R., Farès, F. and Remane, J. 1971: Standard calpionellid zonation (Upper Tithonian-Valanginian) of the western Mediterranean Province. Proceed. II Plankt. Conf. Roma 1970, 2, 1337–1340.Google Scholar
  3. Amedro, F. and Magniez-Jannin, F. 1982: Corrélations lithologiques et biostratigraphiques (ammonites, foraminifères) dans l’Albien du Boulonnais. Ann. Soc. géol. Nord. 101, 133–143.Google Scholar
  4. Arkell, W.J., Furnish, W.M., Kummel, B., Miller, A.K., Moore, R.C.,Schindewolf, 0.H., Sylvester-Bradley, P.C. and Wright, C.W. 1957:Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Pt. L. Mollusca 4Google Scholar
  5. Cephalopoda, Ammonoidea (ed. by R.C. Moore). Kansas, 490 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Arkhangelsky, A.D. 1912: The Upper Cretaceous deposits in the eastern part of European Russia. Materialy dlja geologii Rossii. 25.Google Scholar
  7. Avram, E. 1983: Barremian ammonite zonation in the Carpathian area.Zitteliana 10, 509–514.Google Scholar
  8. Bailey, H.W., Gale, A.S., Mortimore, R.N., Swiecicki, A. and Wood, C.J. 1983: The Coniacian-Maastrichtian Stages of the United Kingdom, with particular reference to southern England. Newsl. Stratigr. 12, 19–42.Google Scholar
  9. Bartenstein, H. 1977: Stratigraphic parallelism of the Lower Cretaceous in the northern hemisphere. News. Stratigr. 6, 30–41.Google Scholar
  10. Birkelund, T. and Hdkansson, E. 1983: The Cretaceous of North Greenland a stratigraphic and biogeographical analysis. Zitteliana 10, 7–25.Google Scholar
  11. Breistoffer, M. 1947: Sur les Zones d’Ammonites dans d’Albien de France et d’Angleterre. Tray. Lab. Géol. Univ. Grenoble 26, 17–104.Google Scholar
  12. Busnardo, R. 1965: Rapport sur l’étage Barrémien. Mém. Bur. Res. Géol. Minièr. 34, 161–169.Google Scholar
  13. Busnardo, R., Thieuloy, J.-P. and Moullade, M. 1979: Hypostratotype mesogéen de l’étage Valanginien (sud-est de la France). Les stratotypes français 6, 143 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Callomon, J.H. and Donovan, D.T. 1966: Stratigraphie classification and terminology. Geol. Mag. 103, 97–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Callomon, J.H. and Donovan, D.T. 1974: A code of Mesozoic stratigraphical nomenclature. Colloque du Jurassique, Luxembourg, 1967. Mém. Bor. géol. minièr. 75 (for 1971), 75–81.Google Scholar
  16. Caron, M. and Homewood, P. 1983: Evolution of early planktonic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology 7, 454–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Carter, D.J. and Hart, M.B. 1977: Aspects of mid-Cretaceous strati-graphical micropalaeontology. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Geol.) 29, 1–135.Google Scholar
  18. Casey, R. 1954: New genera and subgenera of Lower Cretaceous ammonites. Jour. Washington Acad. Sci. 44, 106–115.Google Scholar
  19. Casey, R. 1960: A Monograph of the Ammonoidea of the Lower Greensand.Palaeontogr. Soc. (Monogr.) Pts I-IX, 1–660 (not yet completed).Google Scholar
  20. Cobban, W.A. 1969: The late Cretaceous ammonites Scaphites leei Reeside and Scaphites hippocrepis (De Kay) in the Western Interior of the United States. Prof. Pap. U.S. geol. Surv. 619, 1–27.Google Scholar
  21. Coquand, H. 1856: Notice sur la formation crétacée du département de la Charente. Bull. Soc. géol. France 2, 55–98.Google Scholar
  22. Coquand, H. 1857: Position des Ostrea colombe et biauriculata dans le groupe de la craie inférieure. Bull. Soc. géol. France 2, 745–766.Google Scholar
  23. Coquand, H. 1858: Description physique, géologique, paléontologique et minéralogique de Département de la Charente I. Besançon.Google Scholar
  24. Coquand, H. 1861: Sur la convenance d’établir dans le groupe inférieur de la formation crétacée un nouvel étage entre le Néocomien proprement dit (couches à Toxaster complanatus et à Ostrea couloni) et le Néocomien Supérieur (étage Urgonien de d’Orbigny). Mém. Soc. Emul. Provence 1, 127–139.Google Scholar
  25. Debelmas, J. and Thieuloy, J.-P. 1965: Étage Hauterivien. Mém. Bur. Res. Géol. Minièr. 34, 85–96.Google Scholar
  26. Desor, E. 1854: Quelques mots sur l’étage inférieur du groupe néocomien (étage valanginien). Bull. Soc. Sci. nat. Neuchâtel 3, 172–180. Desor, E. and Gressly, A. 1859: Études géologiques sur le Jura neuchâtelois. Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. Neuchâtel 4, 159 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Destombes, P. 1979: Les Ammonites de l’Albien inférieur et moyen dans le stratotype de l’Albien: Gisements, Paléontologie, Biozonation.In L’Albien de l’Aube. Les stratotypes Français 5, 51–194. Éditions du CNRS.Google Scholar
  28. Dubourdieu, G. 1956: Étude géologique de la région de l’Ouenza (confins Algéro-Tunisiennes). Bull. serv. Carte géol. Algér. n.s. 10, 659 pp.Google Scholar
  29. Felder, W.M. 1975: Lithostratigraphische Gliederung der oberen Kreide in Süd-Limburg (Niederlande) und den Nachbargebieten. Erster Teil: Der Raum westlich der Maas, Typusgebiet des “Maastricht”. Publ. natuurhist. Genootschap Limburg, 24 (3–4), 43 pp.Google Scholar
  30. Fletcher, B.N. 1973: The distribution of Lower Cretaceous (BerriasianBarremian) Foraminifera in the Speeton Clay. In Casey, R. and Rawson, P.F. (eds): The Boreal Lower Cretaceous. Geol. J. Spec. Iss. 5, 161–168.Google Scholar
  31. Grossouvre, A. de 1894: Recherches sur la craie supérieure, 2,Paléontologie. Les ammonites de la craie supérieure. Mém. Serv. Carte géol. dét. Fr., 264 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Grossouvre, A. de 1901: Recherches sur la craie supérieure 1: Strati- graphie générale. Mém. Serv. Carte gél. det. Fr., 1013 pp.Google Scholar
  33. Hancock, J.M. 1960: Les ammonites du Cénomanien de la Sarthe. Compterendu soc. say., Dijon 1959: Colloque sur le Crétacé supérieur français, 249–252.Google Scholar
  34. Hart, M.B. 1973: Foraminiferal evidence for the age of the Cambridge Greensand. Proc. Geol. Ass. London 84, 65–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hart, M.B. 1980: The recognition of Mid-Cretaceous sea-level changes by means of foraminifera. Cretaceous Research 1, 289–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hart, M.B., Bailey, H.W., Fletcher, B., Price, R. and Swiecicki, A. 1981: Cretaceous. In Jenkins, D.G. & Murray, J.W. (eds): Strati-graphical Atlas of Fossil Foraminifera. British Micropalaeontological Soc., 149–227. Ellis Horwood Ltd.Google Scholar
  37. Hart, M.B. and Bigg, P.J. 1981: Anoxic events in the Late Cretaceous Chalk Seas of North West Europe. In Neale, J.W. & Brasier, M. (eds): SThe Micropalaeontology of Shelf Seas.Google Scholar
  38. Hedberg, H.D. (ed.) 1976: International Subcommission on Stratigraphic Classification: International Stratigraphic Guide. 200 pp. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  39. Hégarat, G. Le 1973: Le Berriasien du Sud-Est de la France. Doc. Lab. Géol. Fac. Sci. Lyon 43, 575 pp.Google Scholar
  40. Hégarat, G. Le and Remane, J. 1968: Tithonique supérieur et Berriasien de la bordure cévenole. Correlation des ammonites et des calpionelles. Geobios 1, 7–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Hinte, J.E. van 1979: The Coniacian, Santonian and Campanian stratotypes. Lethaia 12, 183–187.Google Scholar
  42. Hoedemaeker, Ph.J. 1982: Ammonite biostratigraphy of the uppermost Tithonian, Berriasian and lower Valanginian along the Rio Argos (Caravaca, SE Spain). Scripta Geol. 65, 81 pp.Google Scholar
  43. Hoedemaeker, Ph.J. 1983: Reconsideration of the stratigraphic position of the boundary between the Berriasian and the Nemausian (= Valanginian sensu stricto). Zitteliana 10, 447–457.Google Scholar
  44. Holland, C.H., Audley-Charles, M.G., Bassett, G., Cowie, J.W., Curry, D., Fitch, F.J., Hancock, J.M., House, M.R., Ingham, J.K., Kent, P.E., Morton, N., Ramsbottom, W.H.C., Rawson, P.F., Smith, D.B., Stubblefield, C.J., Torrens, H.S., Wallace, P. and Woodland, A.W. 1978: A guide to stratigraphical procedure. Geol. Soc. Lond. Spec. Rep. no. 10, 1–18.Google Scholar
  45. Immel, H. 1978: Die Crioceratiten (Ancyloceratina, Ammonoidea) des Mediterranen und Borealen Hauterive-Barreme (Unter Kreide). Palaeontographica. Abt. A, 163, 1–85.Google Scholar
  46. Jarvis, J., Gale, A.S. and Clayton, C. 1982: Litho-and biostratigraphical observations on the type sections of the Craie de Villedieu Formation (Upper Cretaceous, western France). Newsl. Stratigr. 11, 64–82.Google Scholar
  47. Jefferies, R.P.S. 1962: The Palaeoecology of the Actinocamax plenus Subzone (Lowest Turonian) in the Anglo-Paris Basin. Palaeontology 4, 609–647.Google Scholar
  48. Jeletzky, J.A. 1951: Die Stratigraphie und Belemnitenfauna des Obercampan und Maastricht Westfalens, Nordwestdeutschlands und Dänemarks sowie einige allgemeine Gliederungs-Probleme der jüngeren borealen Oberkreide Eurasiens. Beih. Geol. Jb. 1, 142 pp.Google Scholar
  49. Juignet, P. 1977: Ammonite faunas from the Cenomanian around Le Mans (Sarthe, France). Spec. Pap. palaeont. Soc. Japan 21, 143–150.Google Scholar
  50. Juignet, P. 1980: Cénomanien. In Cavelier & Roger (eds): Les étages français et leurs stratotypes. Mém. B.R.G.M., 109, 130–138.Google Scholar
  51. Juignet, P., Damotte, R., Fauconier, D., Kennedy, W.J., Magniez-Jannin,F., Monciardini, C. and Odin, G.S. (in press): La limite AlbienCénomanien dans la Sarthe. Étude des trois sondages dans la région type du Cénomanien. Bull. Bur. Rech. géol. min. Paris. Google Scholar
  52. Kakabadze, M. 1983: On the Hauterivian-Barremian correlation between the South of the USSR and certain Southern and Northern regions of Europe. Zitteliana 10, 501–508.Google Scholar
  53. Kauffman, E.G., Hattin, D.E. and Powell, S.D. 1977: Stratigraphic, paleontologic, and paleoenvironmental analysis of the Upper Cretaceous rocks of Cimarron County, northwestern Oklahoma. Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 149, 150 pp.Google Scholar
  54. Kemper, E., Rawson, P.F. and Thieuloy, J.-P. 1981: Ammonites of Tethyan ancestry in the early Lower Cretaceous of north-west Europe. Palaeontology 24, 251–311.Google Scholar
  55. Koch, W. 1977: Stratigraphie der Oberkreide in Nordwestdeutschland (Pompeckjsche Scholle), Teil 2: Biostratigraphie in der Oberkreide und Taxonomie von Foraminiferen. Geol. Jb. A38, 11–123.Google Scholar
  56. Lanphere, M.A. and Jones, D.L. 1978: Cretaceous time scale from North America. In Cohee, G.V., Glaessner, M.F. and Hedberg, H.D. (eds): Contribution to the geologic time scale. Am. Ass. Petr. Geol., Studies in Geology 6, 388 pp.Google Scholar
  57. Magniez-Jannin, F. 1975: Les Foraminifères de l’Albien de l’Aube: paléontologie, stratigraphie, écologie. Cahiers Paléont., Ed. C.N.R.S. Paris, 351 pp.Google Scholar
  58. Mancini, E.A. 1977: Depositional environment of the Grayson Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Texas. Trans. Gulf Coast Ass. geol. Soc. 27, 334–351.Google Scholar
  59. Mancini, E.A. 1979: Late Albian and Early Cenomanian Grayson ammonite biostratigraphy in north-central Texas. J. Paleont. 53, 1013–1022. Moullade, M., Taxy, S. and Tronchetti, G. 1980: Aptien. Mém. B.R.G.M. 109, 112–115.Google Scholar
  60. Memmi, L. 1981: Biostratigraphie du Crétacé inférieur de la Tunisie nord-orientale. Bull. Soc. géol. Fr. 7 (23), 175–183.Google Scholar
  61. Naidin, D.P. 1979: Vergleichende Stratigraphie der Oberen Kreide der russischen Tafel und West-Europas. Aspekte der Kreide Europas. IUGS Series A, Nr. 6, 497–510. Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  62. Neumann, M. 1980: Campanien. In Les étages français et leurs stratotypes. Mém. B.R.G.M. 109, 161–170.Google Scholar
  63. North American Commission on Stratigraphical Nomenclature 1982: North American Stratigraphic Code. Am. Ass. Petr. Geol. Bull. 67, 841–875.Google Scholar
  64. Odin, G.S. 1982: Numerical dating in stratigraphy. Vol. I, II. John Wiley and Sons Publ., Chichester, 1094 pp.Google Scholar
  65. d’Orbigny, A. 1840: Paléontologie française. Terrains crétacés. 1.Céphalopodes,662 pp. Paris.Google Scholar
  66. d’Orbigny, A. 1840-43: Paléontologie française. Terrains crétacés. 2. Gastéropodes. 456 pp. ParisGoogle Scholar
  67. Owen, H.G. 1971: Middle Albian stratigraphy in the Anglo-Paris Basin. Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. (Geology) Suppl. 8, 164 pp.Google Scholar
  68. Owen, H.G. 1979: Ammonite zonal stratigraphy in the Albian of North Germany and its setting in the Hoplitinid Faunal Province. In Wiedmann, J. (ed.) Aspekte der Kreide Europas. I.U.G.S. Series A. 6, 563–588.Google Scholar
  69. Perch-Nielsen, K. 1983: Recognition of Cretaceous Stage Boundaries by means of calcareous nannofossils. In Birkelund, T., Bromley, R.,Christensen, W.K., Häkansson, E. and Surlyk, F. (eds): Abstracts.Cretaceous Stage Boundaries Symposium, Copenhagen, 152–156.Google Scholar
  70. Rat, P. et al. 1979: L’Albien de l’Aube. Les stratotypes français 5. C.N.R.S., Paris.Google Scholar
  71. Rawson, P.F. 1983: The Valanginian to Aptian stages–current definitions and outstanding problems. Zitteliana 10, 493–500.Google Scholar
  72. Renevier, E. 1874: Tableau des terrains sédimentaires. Bull. Soc. vaud. Sci. nat. 13, 218–252.Google Scholar
  73. Robaszynski, F., coordinator, 1982: Le Turonien de la région-type: Saumurois et Touraine. Stratigraphie, biozonations, sédimentologie. Bull. Centres Rech. Explor. Prod. Elf Aquitaine 6, 119–225.Google Scholar
  74. Robaszynski, F., Alcaydé, G., Amédro, F., Badillet, G., Damotte, R., Foucher, J.C., Jardiné, S., Legoux, O., Manivit, H., Monciardini,E. and Sornay, J. 1983: L’étage Turonien dans sa région type “de Saumur à Montrichard”, biostratigraphie, sédimentologie, coupures. Mém. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. Paris, Ser. C, 49, 15–28.Google Scholar
  75. Robaszynski, F., Caron, M., Gonzales Donoso, J.M., Wonders, A.A.H. and European Working Group on Planktonic Foraminifera (in press): Atlas of Late Cretaceous Globotruncanids. Révue de Micropaléontologie.Google Scholar
  76. Salaj, J. 1980: Microbiostratigraphie du Crétacé et du Paléogene de la Tunisie septentrionale et orientale (Hypostratotypes tunisiens). Inst. Géol. de Dino, z Stér. Bratislava. 238 pp.Google Scholar
  77. Schlanger, S.O. and Jenkyns, H.C. 1976: Cretaceous anoxic events: causes and consequences. Geol. Mijnb. 55, 170–184.Google Scholar
  78. Schmid, F. 1959: La Définition des limites Santonien-Campanien et de Campanien inférieur-supérieur en France et dans le Nord-Ouest de l’Allemagne. Congr. Soc. Savantes 84, 535–545. Paris.Google Scholar
  79. Schulz, M.-G. 1978: Zur Litho-und Biostratigraphie des ObercampanUntermaastricht von Lägerdorf und Kronsmoor (SW-Holstein). Newsl. Stratigr. 7, 73–89.Google Scholar
  80. Séronie-Vivien, M. 1972: Contribution à l’étude du Sénonien en Aquitaine septentrionale. Les stratotypes: Coniacien, Santonien, Campanien. Les stratotypes français 2, C.N.R.S., 195 pp. Paris.Google Scholar
  81. Séronie-Vivien, M. 1980: Coniacien, Santonien. In Les étages français et leurs stratotypes. Mém. B.R.G.M. 109, 150–160.Google Scholar
  82. Surlyk, F. 1970: Die Stratigraphie des Maastricht von Dänemark und Norddeutschland aufgrund von Brachiopoden. Newsl. Stratigr. 1, 7–16.Google Scholar
  83. Surlyk, F. 1975: Die Brachiopoden der Hemmoorer Schreibkreide. Paläont.Ges. 45, Jahresver. Kurzfassung der Vorträge. 1 p. Hannover.Google Scholar
  84. Surlyk, F. 1982: Brachiopods from the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary sequence, Kronsmoor (NW Germany). Geol. Jb. A61, 259–277.Google Scholar
  85. Thieuloy, J.-P. 1977: La zone à Callidiscus du Valanginien supérieur vocontien (Sud-Est de la France). Lithostratigraphie, ammonite fauna, limite Valanginien-Hauterivien, corrélations. Géol. Alpine 53, 83–143.Google Scholar
  86. Trager, K.-A. 1981: Zu Problemen der Biostratigraphie der Inoceramen und der Untergliederung des Cenomans und Turons in Mittel-und Ost-Europa. Newsl. Stratigr. 9, 139–156.Google Scholar
  87. Vasicek, Z., Michalik, J. and Borza, K. 1983: To the “Neocomian” biostratigraphy in the Krizna-Nappe of the Strâzovské Vrchy Mountains (Northwestern Central Carpathians). Zitteliana 10, 467–483.Google Scholar
  88. Young, K. 1957: Upper Albian (Cretaceous) Ammonoidea from Texas. J. Paleont. 31, 1–33.Google Scholar
  89. Young, K. and Powell, J.D. 1978: Late Albian-Turonian correlations in Texas and Mexico. Ann. Mus. Hist. nat. Nice, 4, 25, 1–39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Birkelund
    • 1
  • J. M. Hancock
    • 2
  • M. B. Hart
    • 3
  • P. F. Rawson
    • 4
  • J. Remane
    • 5
  • F. Robaszynski
    • 6
  • F. Schmid
    • 7
  • F. Surlyk
    • 8
  1. 1.Institute of historical Geology and PalaeontologyCopenhagen KDenmark
  2. 2.Department of GeologyKing’s CollegeLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesPlymouth PolytechnicPlymouthUK
  4. 4.Department of GeologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  5. 5.Institut de GéologieUniversité de NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland
  6. 6.Faculté PolytechniqueMonsBelgium
  7. 7.Niedersächsisches Landesamt für BodenforschungHannover 51BRD
  8. 8.Grønlands geologiske UndersøgelseCopenhagen KDenmark

Personalised recommendations