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China at War: Political Institutions During the Period of the Sino-Japanese War

  • William L. Tung

Abstract

The expansionists in Japan had long held the opinion that China’s unity was Japan’s disaster. In the mind of the Japanese militarists, a unified and strong China would block their aggressive designs in Asia. It was to their great disappointment that the Nationalist unification of the country was achieved in spite of their well-planned Tsinan Incident in May 1928, when the Japanese soldiers fought against the advance of the Nationalist troops in Shantung.1 Japan’s determination to take direct action in Manchuria could be traced back to the winter of 1928, when Chang Hsueh-liang, virtual leader in Manchuria after the death of his father, failed to comply with Japanese wishes to maintain a semi-independent status of Manchuria. Instead, he sided with the Nationalist Government in Nanking. On September 18, 1931, the Japanese army finally executed its long and carefully planned invasion of Manchuria in violation of the Covenant of the League of Nations, the Nine-Power Treaty of 1922, and the Kellogg-Briand Pact.

Keywords

Provincial Government District Council District Government Executive Yuan Nationalist Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • William L. Tung
    • 1
  1. 1.Queens CollegeCity University of New YorkUSA

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