The Behavioral Neurological Examination

  • Michael Alan Taylor


All behavior (normal, deviant, and pathological) reflects brain function. Behavioral neurology deals with brain diseases and disorders that manifest themselves as behavioral changes rather than as motor (e.g., paralysis of a limb) or sensory (e.g., homonymous hemianopsia) changes [1]. Psychiatrists traditionally focus on behavioral abnormalties due to subtle brain dysfunctions without structural damage or obvious metabolic disorders, while neurologists traditionally emphasize motor, sensory, and behevioral changes due to nervous system disease associated with structural damage or obvious metabolic disorder. In behaviorial neurology, these specialties overlap in the study of relationships between higher cortical functions (e.g., mnestic, gnostic, praxic, and language functions and dysfunctions) and brain anatomy, particularly the anatomy of the neocortex. The basic science of this field is termed neuropsychology,and it deals with both normal and pathological neocortical functioning [2,3].


Frontal Lobe Prefer Hand Language Function Retrograde Amnesia Soft Neurological Sign 
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© Spectrum Publications 1982

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  • Michael Alan Taylor

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